I think one must be certain about what 'causality' defines and then relate to science to see whether it does have the causal connections or not.
The nature of cause and effect is a concern of the subject known as metaphysics.
A general metaphysical question about cause and effect is what kind of entity can be a cause, and what kind of entity can be an effect.
One viewpoint on this question is that cause and effect are of one and the same kind of entity, with causality an asymmetric relation between them.
That is to say, it would make good sense grammatically to say either "A is the cause and B the effect" or "B is the cause and A the effect", though only one of those two can be actually true.
In this view, one opinion, proposed as a metaphysical principle in process philosophy, is that every cause and every effect is respectively some process, event, becoming, or happening.
An example is 'his tripping over the step was the cause, and his breaking his ankle the effect'.
Another view is that causes and effects are 'states of affairs', with the exact natures of those entities being less restrictively defined than in process philosophy.
Another viewpoint on the question is the more classical one, that a cause and its effect can be of different kinds of entity.
For example, in Aristotle's efficient causal explanation, an action can be a cause while an enduring object is its effect.
For example, the generative actions of his parents can be regarded as the efficient cause, with Socrates being the effect, Socrates being regarded as an enduring object, in a philosophical tradition called a 'substance', as distinct from an action.
Since causality is a subtle metaphysical notion, considerable effort is needed to establish knowledge of it in particular empirical circumstances.
Causality has the properties of antecedence and contiguity.
These are topological and are ingredients for space-time geometry.
As developed by Alfred Robb, these properties allow the derivation of the notions of time and space. Max Jammer writes "the Einstein postulate ... opens the way to a straightforward construction of the causal topology ... of Minkowski space." Causal efficacy propagates no faster than light.
Thus, the notion of causality is metaphysically prior to the notions of time and space.
In practical terms, this is because the use of the relation of causality is necessary for the interpretation of empirical experiments.
Interpretation of experiments is needed to establish the physical and geometrical notions of time and space.