Emergent dualism is a solution to the brain damage problem for substance dualism. It states that the mind is a substance that arises from certain configurations of matter (such as the brain). And when the brain is damaged, the mind is also affected since it depends on the configuration of the matter of the brain.

My question is, does this classify as interactionist dualism? Because it doesn't seem at first sight.

1 Answer 1


All mind-body theories have to account for interaction between mind and body. Interaction in, say neural identity theory -- is the problem of how the mental events are even related to the physical.

Emergence theories, whether property emergence or substance emergence -- will have to account for interaction. They also will have to explain EMERGENCE, which is a second type of interaction.

So -- yes an emergent substance dualism would be an interactive dualism.

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