Isn't Nietzsche's overman a replacement for God?
Nietzsche claimed that "we killed God". Thus, as Nietzsche thought, it would result in nihilism.
He also "introduced" an idea of the overman. This question is not about what the overman is. But I'm asking how is the overman different from, say, Kalki or Jesus. They all are the figures which are "yet to come". Isn't the overman simply the idea that gave meaning to Nietzsche's life like Second Coming gives meaning to Christian's life?
Dostoevsky and Nietzsche
The video lecture by Daniel Bonevac under the link above develops the philosophical foundations of Nietzsche's OverMan wherein Dostoevsky is the credited source of the phrase "God is dead." In the lecture Dostoevsky links the concept of Narcissism to the egoistic effort to create one's own values if values are not made with reference to Religion (God) or other sources of social morals.
Apotheosis - Word of the Day
What It Means
1 : elevation to divine status : deification
2 : the perfect example : quintessence
Among the ancient Greeks, it was sometimes thought fitting -- or simply handy, say if you wanted a god somewhere in your bloodline -- to grant someone or other god status. So they created the word "apotheosis," meaning "making into a god." (The prefix "apo-" can mean simply "quite" or "completely," and "theos" is the Greek word for "god.") There's not a lot of Greek-style apotheosizing in the 21st century, but there is hero-worship. Our extended use of "apotheosis" as "elevation to divine status" is the equivalent of "placement on a very high pedestal." Even more common these days is to use "apotheosis" in reference to a perfect example or ultimate form. For example, one might describe a movie as "the apotheosis of the sci-fi movie genre."
Who or What Creates Values - God, Man, or Natural Drives?
In the book of Genesis, God creates the first man and woman, and places them in the garden of delight with the tree of life and the tree of knowledge of good and evil at the center of the garden. If they eat only from the tree of life, then they know eternal innocence. But if they eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil then they will surely die! The story also says the man and woman will become like gods - knowing what is good and what is not good!
In the book of Genesis, Abraham "Walks and talks with God, as one friend with another." He builds the first alter to the living God in a grove of trees - the terebinth of Moreh (Hebrew: teacher).
In the Gospels, when some Jewish authorities are trying to discredit Jesus, they ask him which is the greatest commandment in Jewish law? Jesus says, "Love God. This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second commandment is like the first. Love your neighbor as yourself." These are the same two precepts expressed by Moses!
The values expressed are to live in the fallen world where knowledge of evil accompanies the knowledge of good; to love the living God as the Creator of life; and to love the Creation. This incorporates the effort to love your neighbor in the land.
Jewish laws are supposed to be efforts to implement values in practical social life. The emphasis is on duty under the customs and laws. Jesus interprets the law wherein love cancels a multitude of transgressions of law; and where love of God and neighbor at a minimum means to imitate Jesus who performs the corporal works of mercy. This is not to say that other cultures do not perform acts of kindness, justice, and mercy. But to be like Jesus is to at least perform such works and to have an attitude of justice and mercy. Hebrew scripture describes God as having the attributes of retribution, justice, and mercy alike.
Natural drive theory holds that biological organisms generate values that may come into conflict. The Will to Life and Will to Power seem to be unfounded on any more fundamental religious or secular principle and would therefore seem to imply natural drive theory as the origin of values.
First Knight (1995) - Two Attitudes Toward Power in Life
Audio clip: http://cola.calpoly.edu/~dschwart/engl459b/firstknight/audio/might_03.mp3
Malagant: The strong rule the weak. That's how your god made the world.
Arthur: God makes us strong only for a while, so that we can help each other.
Malagant: My god makes me strong so I can live my life!
Arthur's Motto - To Protect and Serve.
Malagant's Motto - The Strong Rule the Weak.
Arthur came, according to legend, and according to legend, he will come again!
Jesus came, according to legend, and according to legend, he will come again!
Hamlet - William Shakespear
There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.
The Over-Man Creates Values?
- What does Nietzsche mean when he says that the noble type of man is "beyond good and evil" and is a creator of values?
The "over-man" is not subject to the morality of the lower-type of meek and common people who speak of good and evil in terms of equality. Since the noble type of man is of the higher-type, he is not subject to the morality of the herd. Morality favors mediocrity; standing beyond good and evil is rising above the herd.
Over-Man has not come yet, according to Nietzsche; and yet according to Nietzsche's concept of "eternal return" it would imply that Over-Man will eventually come again and again and again ...
Baruch Spinoza - Man is to man as God
Man is to man as God.
If man is to man as God, and the Over-Man imitates Jesus, this is one sort of God; and if the Over-Man imitates Arthur, this is another sort of God; and if the Over-Man imitates Malagant, this is a third sort of God.
If the Over-Man makes his own values, and if those values attempt to transcend the dictates of social justice characterized by Nietzsche as "slave morality", then Over-Man strives to become toward fellow man as an unjust God!
If Over-Man chooses values that conform to the ideals of social justice, characterized by Nietzsche as slave morality, then he strives to become toward fellow man as a just God!
Either way the Over-Man cannot transcend the social concepts of good and bad or good and evil because they keep manifesting repeatedly in the drama of human social interactions.
In the Gospels, when they accused Jesus of casting out demons by the hand of Beelzebul (Hebrew: Lord of the Flies) Jesus did not deny it! Instead, he said, "Then by whose hand do your people cast out demons?" They could not say God, because that would be blasphemy; and they could not say by demons, because that would be hypocrisy. In private Jesus told his disciples, "Before you can take the possessions of a strong man (Beelzebul) you must enter into his house and bind the strong man!" Is the Over-Man going to go into the house of the King of Demons and bind the strong man? Or is the Over-Man going to be an avatar of Satan (the Adversary) and Beelzebul (Lord of the Flies) which terrify fellow man?
Early Life Conditioning of Values
In early life we have little or no power, a desire to love, and a need for protection. Then we ought to rationally prefer one sort of god (adult caregiver and role model) over another sort. But if we identify with powerful and unjust god(s) (adults) in early life it might be difficult or impossible to complete the transvaluation of all social values! We are more likely to imitate the powerful unjust god(s) than to repent (think again, introspect) and remember the sincere desire of the former child to know and become like the powerful, just, and merciful god(s)!