This is a misleading concept. The deconstruction of Logical Positivism made the point that truth as we think of it on a more normal basis and the consequences of a set of clear facts and related axioms cannot really coincide. One form this takes is Godel's theorem -- any axiomatic system strong enough to do arithmetic is either inconsistent or incomplete.
More basically, Pyrrho just wasn't wrong. Informal arguments are ultimately emotionally based or derive from biased facts and more formal ones fall prey to the Munchausen trilemma.
This has led a lot of folks to the postmodern approach: We know that the basis of our truth has to be circular in some way, and we can only get leverage by working out from the middle. But the middle shifts every time we use it for leverage. So ultimately, to evaluate whether or not to use a source of truth you have to follow down the evolution of a narrative, where it gets its power, and who it serves.
(That does not have to lead us into an intractable morass of nonsense, or a densely analyzed world where everyone walks on eggshells. We can still take approaches based upon what we observe. We really have no choice but to do so, and worrying too much about it is not going to prevent that. The reputation that this approach has for being obscurantist or excessively politicized depends on it being combined with other obsessive nonsense derived from the broader tradition of authoritarianism and counter-authority that is not really related.
It remains possible to adopt a shared base that gets negotiated over time, and to rely upon things like mathematics and psychology of a certain depth that appear to be broadly shared, or to simply accept that our reasoning is limited in application to within a given cultural boundary. We are always subject to being shown that our choices are not honest, or not fair. But that does not mean we should be immobilized by obsessive fear of instability, or a morbid terror of giving offense. Nor should we go about praising and coddling their exact opposites.)