The generality problem is determining when to count individuals as part of a group.
It crops up in many places. In Epistemology, Reliabilism has a difficult time describing how general processes are. That is, if just “seeing” is a process, or if “seeing through fog” and “seeing through water” and “seeing through air” should be counted as different processes (and therefore have different amounts of reliability when trying to determine the truth about the world).
It also appears in the philosophy of statistics: when should we assume that the samples represent the population?
And similarly, in interactions with people: when should we assume that a person is representative of any larger identities that they may have? Does one person who follows a particular religion represent the entire religion?
They’re all the exact same idea. When can we determine when an individual is a part of a group and say something about that group based on the individual?
Are there any solutions to this problem?
I imagine a solution will probably consist of criteria as to when an individual can or cannot be considered part of a larger group. (But there may be other ways if answering that I haven’t considered.)
To be clear, I do not want solutions which only apply to Reliabilism. (However, most solutions which apply to Reliabilism will likely apply to the other situations as well.)