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Question prompted by @jobermark answer to my question: Are there many minds or is there only one?

The idea that 'greater-that-the-sum-of-its-parts' minds (functional decision capable entities) exist is quite well established. However there are several different conceptions as to their nature: At a less sophisticated level we have French: "conscience collective" as social 'drives' of sorts, being simply the shared norms and ideas that is one of the binding factors of a society. When the parts are less intelligent than the whole we have Swarm intelligence, as exemplified by ant colonies, and in AI research with swarm bots.

More sophisticated collective minds can be found in such (mystical) concepts such as Egregore and Gaia, while there exist software specifically to "amplify the intelligence of human groups". There are even studies showing collectives outperforming individuals at making predictions and decisions.

Here let us postulate the existence of a Higher Mind (HM) which has as its parts individual human beings, utilizing all known (and possibly some unknown) media and communication channels in its constituency as well as interacting/influencing its parts. Our HM is fully self aware in a manner that transcends human conception, it is aware of the nature and awareness of its parts and may or may not have similar motives to humans.

So what basis is there for making this postulate? The institutions and motives of democracy, corporate culture, the above mentioned group integration methods and the competitive advantage they bring; it is obvious we are moving toward more collective forms of thinking. Consider an ant colony, there is little doubt that the species could not fare as well without its hive intelligence, which in turn must have evolved in concert with the species. Consider singularity theories...

At this point I could scarcely call it an inductive leap to conclude that, in a similar fashion to Bostrom's Simulation hypothesis, if HM is going to happen, HM must already be here.

Question: Could we 1) tell if HM exist, even if 2) we could not communicate with it?

Bonus Question: It is hard to imagine an ant being aware of its hive intelligence, could there be a minimum set of attributes like, self-awareness, inductive reasoning etc; that would enable parts to know their HM?

  • What if we all are driven by some kind of huge supercomputer and the whole world is a simulation? The computer is one, therefore the mind is only one. Yet we have a feeling that each of use have a separate consciousness. It all boils down to what you call a "Hive Mind". Even if this theory is true, it does not mean we have a hive mind. Or we do, we are more solid team than most animals. But less than those living in hives. – rus9384 Jan 10 at 9:33
  • @rus9384 Why wouldn't a sufficiently complex supercomputer be able to simulate more than one (hive) mind? Also interesting is: why should we be able to recognize hive minds in lower life forms, like bees, ants, microbes etc, yet suspect we could have a hive mind but not "most animals"? – christo183 Jan 10 at 10:31
  • Those life forms have hive mind because of their social structure. They have queens and they have workers. If a queen dies, workers panic. Can't say that humans are the same, but many of them really would go chaotic without any motivation. If there is some kind of "lord" above humans... well, we see no such entity in the world. – rus9384 Jan 10 at 10:41
  • We essentially are a hive mind... My words take a concept in my mind which had zero mass (it's made of nothing) and transmits it into your mind. What you're asking is.. how can we speed up that process so that You can hear my thought when I have them? Would you really want that? – Richard Jan 10 at 11:22
  • @Richard Well, your thoughts are electrical charges. Charge particles have mass, therefore your thoughts have mass. But you do not transmit thoughts to other minds. You make other minds create some thoughts, but cannot ensure if created thoughts are identical to yours. – rus9384 Jan 10 at 11:46
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I asked a related question, are we becoming more hive-like?

Even the best evidence of group selection is disputed. Although eusociality is quite well accepted. This seems to be the basis of hive behaviour.

If you think about ants defending the nest, or wasps or bees, an individual experiences threat or harm, releases pheromones. As the amount of those increases the agitation, aggressiveness, and willingness of members to commit suicide increases. So, the defence is founded in experiences of individuals. The response is mediated through the group, as to how other individuals respond as individuals.

Beekeepers wear white suits because bees respond to different colours, it is thought most strongly to black because if a bear attacks the hive they go for the eyes. In Japan honeybees have developed a tactic against the large aggressive hornets that prey on them, of surrounding them in a ball until they overheat. Devil's garden ants and leafcutter ants have developed complex mutualisms with plants and fungi. So there are evolutionary effects acting on the impulses of individuals, which can have their impacts only through a group with the same impulses (even with the bear, it has 2 eyes).

The mouse utopia experiment gives some intriguing though disputed evidence about group behaviour in a mammal. It seems like there was a feedback effect to do with not being able to maintain the degree of inter-connections between mice they had evolved for.

In humans, there have been quite a few people drawing a distinction between cultures founded in herding, where wealth is accumulated slowly & rurally and can be lost suddenly, resulting in honour-based cultures. And cultures founded in agrarian harvests of rice, wheat and so on, with more collectivist ethics and sense that wealth and security derive from collective cooperation, and appeal to authorities.

Philosophically, we have Indra's Net, and in a more modern iteration the peer to peer simulation hypothesis. The Private Language argument, can be said to draw attention to the neccessariness of collective derivation and practice of human intelligence, that we are only individual thinkers at a level of wolf-children, and only develop normally by inheriting collective intelligence embodied in language and in modes of life.

When we look at the emergence of multicellular life, it seems clear that collectives can emerge as stronger than individuals, so it seems inevitable the same pattern will occur in some way. From the engulfing of cells that became organelles and nuclei, to slime moulds where individuals sacrifice their opportunity to reproduce to make spore stalks to aid relatively closely related other cells to spore. In the bacterial biome, the tactics of highly adaptable cells, involve shearing off cell-surface technology from other cells and replicating these, and the jumping of traits between species through the action of viruses and other machinery, eg. as seen with CRISPR. Humans do something similar, instead of evolving claws we make knives and spades, instead of specialised eyes we develop microscopes and telescopes etc. It seems like multicellular organisms had to develop out of that free-for all of evolved technology, and the same may have to happen out of human life - 96% of mammal biomass on Earth is now humans and their farmed prey animals, so our mutualisms have overwhelmingly taken over the planet. An interstellar and maybe even planet-colonising spaceship looks very like the next step, a collecting-together of necessary elements for a complete reproduction of the human-orientated biosphere (you might picture humans as like the first cells with nuclei, with a more sophisticated mode of technology reproduction equivalent to chromosomes).

How much can we know subjectively about our collective intelligence? Probably a lot of it is hidden from us, because it manifests in times of crisis, punctuations in equilibrium. Most of the gene sharing between neanderthals denisovans and humans was about disease resistence (different human blood types are about that too, pandemics have strong selective effects); codified patterns of hygeine may be collective intelligence examples of the same, sewers even more so (Mexico City just before the Spanish was the worlds largest city then, because cholera devasted every other; so this was crucial to the modern city).

Evolutionary biologist Bret Weinstein said something like the end of prosperity is genocide. The quote I can find is:

"Realizing that genocide and war are adaptive is the 1st step to ending them forever".

Germany showed a classic pattern in response to the loss of wealth and power in WW1 and increasing impoverishment afterwards (reparations, great depression etc): turn on minorities, ramp up hostility at borders, strongly enforce group norms and enforcement of submission to the collective. It's easy to see that as all bad, certainly as overwhelmingly destructive and destabilising; but every culture demands different norms for war time, for times of crisis and existential threat, and they will always reccur. It is very likely there are types of individual who struggle in peace-time and thrive in war, because wars are so strongly selective. Unfortunately, the long wage stagnation happening now for all but the elite, resulting from increased automation, is likely spiraling in that direction again. It will perhaps be a crucial test of whether our collective intelligence has increased, when the climate-refugee crisis really hits, a global equivalent of the dust-bowl. So far it doesn't look good.

Pandemics and war are not in themselves collective intelligence. Durkheim identifies the core of religious behaviour as organising around what is sacred. This can be seen as including things like habeus corpus and free speech, which by preventing the state or minority totally subsuming the interests of individuals, prevent (or diminish) the freerider problem which is the main criticism of why pure group selection can't work (so now, like for those spiders linked above, group selection is reformulated as multilevel selection). I would then point to this Durkheimian definition of religious practice, organising around what is sacred set aside and what rules it is taboo to break to the point of stirring a whole community against someone gaining any advantage by violating them, as the primary source of emerging collective intelligence.

I am not saying politics and the military haven't been important too, but as essentially discourses of power I would say they have been far from conscious, whereas religions have to appeal to other modes than just power. The Magna Carta and later English Civil War, and the French & American revolutions can be seen as a further steps into consciously deciding on what to hold sacred, and reorganising societies around that. Enlightenment scientific thought as in some ways further flourishing of at least the evidence-gathering part of this (crucial to making more conscious collective decisions). But we still have politics that is much more tribal than it is evidence based. Perhaps this very discussion is part of understanding what future steps might mean. A single neuron cell, like say a mirror neuron, can perform a complex task, and fire an actuation resulting from it into the collective. Similarly one scientist or philosopher, can apply a special focus or expertise into a message, enhancing the intelligence of the collective, as your neurons do your brain.

As you can guess from my reply, I find this topic especially fascinating. Easily my longest ever post - I hope someone can be bothered to read it! I see this as having the most profound implications for philosophy, and the future of life. Perhaps AI will be the equivalent of white-matter in the brain, and human brain augmentation (like Neuralink) linking us into digital networks as the key to really livening up the neurvous system of conscious collective intelligence. I certainly hope so, it is perhaps the only thing that can save us from ourselves.

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