Lets assume I. Kant would have became aware of Darwins theory of Evolution after writing his "Kritik der reinen Vernunft". How could the knowledge have affected his idea about the "ursprünglich synthetische Einheit der transzendentalen Apperzeption"? Especially how could it have affected his notion of transcendence? Since adaptation would suggest that our cognitive apparatus developed itself under influence of the phenomena. Or alternatively is there the possibility that he could maintain his approach?

(Please forgive my naive question, I am not an educated philosopher).

  • He has a short note in his third critique (Critique of the Power of Judgement/Kritik der Urteilskraft) where he notes that both our theoretical understanding in general and the thought of nature evolving purposefully are a feature of our specific set of cognitive faculties. Could you try to specify why you think there would be a problem? – Philip Klöcking Feb 11 at 23:25
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    We can not really answer a counterfactual. The closest you can get is to look at how neo-Kantians (Cohen, Natorp, Cassirer) adapted since they lived after Darwin, but tried their best to preserve Kantianism: "This appreciation for the historically evolving character of culture has two consequences. First, the transcendental a priori is not absolute, but relative... Second... emphasis on the objectivity and lawlikeness of cultural change thus introduces a check on the potential relativistic or historicist consequences." – Conifold Feb 11 at 23:36
  • Please translate the phrase beginning with “ursprünglich” and provide a citation. – Mark Andrews Feb 19 at 0:27

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