I read long time ago about Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Kuhn's demonstrate that scientific paradigms are the driving force that makes science go on, but more for social reasons than for pure scientific reasons. He speaks of paradigms changing according to the domination of social groups.
If we still admit that it is on the basis of social reasons that scientific modifications and even revolutions are born, is the paradigm, the sufficient synthesis to represent the world, still the driving force of scientific breakthrough ?
I admit it was the case with Copernic theory on helicentrism was a paradigm, as it was for Newton's gravity or Einstein relativity. The latest was such a breakthrough that it allowed us to construct power plant and nuclear bombs. Yet It seems to me that, historically speaking it is rather the know-how rather than the knowledge or the Science that is making scientific breakthrough since computer science and management. Indeed it isn't anymore paradigms that revolutionize the world but some inventions of some gifted people : like the Apple computer for instance as well as well driven marketing campaign of the created product. It definitely seems to me to be different from the paradigms winning social support that Kuhn's believed where leading the scientific breakthrough.