Which philosophers have proven existing is being part of the change in time?
Coincidentally, I became interested in the work of Lee Smolin just last evening. A renowned theoretical physicist, he has made major contributions to the philosophy of physics. His areas of research includes cosmology. According to Wikipedia, in an article he wrote for Physics World, The Unique Universe (02 Jun 2009) Smolin shared profound discoveries about the nature of time:
- There is only one universe.
- All that is real is real in a moment, which is a succession of moments. Anything that is true is true of the present moment. Not only is time real, but everything that is real is situated in time. Nothing exists timelessly.
[Which is just a different way of saying that everything exists within the framework of time.]
- Everything that is real in a moment is a process of change leading to the next or future moments. Anything that is true is then a feature of a process in this process causing or implying future moments.
- Mathematics is derived from experience as a generalization of observed regularities, when time and particularity are removed. Under this heading, Smolin distances himself from mathematical platonism...
Smolin views rejecting the idea of a creator as essential to cosmology on similar grounds to his objections against the multiverse. He does not definitively exclude or reject religion or mysticism but rather believes that science should only deal with that of which is observable. He also opposes the anthropic principle, which he claims "cannot help us to do science."
Outlining a review of Smolin's book, Time Reborn (2013), the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (Canada) presents many intriguing points, including:
- Whatever is real is just real in a moment of time, being one in a succession
- The past was, but no longer is, real. We can, however, interpret the past by
finding evidence of past processes in the present.
- The future does not yet exist, and thus it is open. We can, however, make
predictions, yet the future may produce genuinely novel phenomena.
- Nothing transcends time, not even the laws of nature, which therefore can
evolve over time.
I easily resonate with Smolin's ideas, except that I happen to believe contrarily that God does fit neatly into the elusive logical equation of ultimate truth and reality; despite the fact that so many philosophers and religious doctrines have traditionally (and probably wrongly, in my humble opinion) concluded that God transcends both space and time. My own believe is rather a little bit more like Spinoza's, and Bernardo Kastrup's, who stated in one of his videos that "the Universe is the body of God". I believe that God actually equals (rather than transcends or exists outside of) space and time, that God = Universe. I also believe God is Righteous (capital R).
In conclusion, to answer your question, "Which philosophers have proven existing is being part of the change in time?"
Lee Smolin has done an excellent job of proving it scientifically, and has given the world a tremendous body of evidence for it in his books, essays, and papers. Smolin is (or has been) also on the faculty of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (cited here).
Physics World, "The Unique Universe" by Lee Smolin (02 Jun 2009)
Academia, presentational review by the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics of Smolin's book, "Time Reborn", and article, "Time, Laws, and the Future of Cosmology", in Physics Today, AIP, March, 2014
Time Reborn by Lee Smolin (2013)
YouTube, "Lee Smolin Public Lecture: Time Reborn"