1

I am finding al-Farabi's Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle on pages 13-17, paragraphs 1-9, (pages 11-13 in the pdf file linked below), very interesting:

http://traditionalhikma.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Alfarabis-Philosophy-of-Plato-and-Aristotle-Translated-by-Muhsin-Mahdi.pdf

What science is this? Is it a branch of Aristotelian logic? It seems to be more "meta" than simply elementary logic. I cannot find similar discussions as al-Farabi's in books such as Jevons's elementary lessons in logic, for example.

What is the science which al-Farabi is discussing and where can I study it in more detail? Is it Aristotelian metaphysics?

0

In paragraph 6, al-Farabi describes Aristotle's four causes. The reference on page 134 points to Aristotle's Posterior Analytics ii. 11. 94*20-23.

One may also consider survey articles on Aristotle's four causes to guide further study and provide more reference material. Here are two:

  1. Falcon, Andrea, "Aristotle on Causality", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2019 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2019/entries/aristotle-causality/.

  2. Wikipedia contributors. (2019, February 17). Four causes. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:08, April 23, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Four_causes&oldid=883754450

0

This might be too late or out of scope, but I think you might be interested by Al-Kalam, which "islamic" rational philosophy (islamic is related to the civilization, not to the content necesseraly). It does build on some grec and hindou philosophies.

Good day

New contributor
Gloserio is a new contributor to this site. Take care in asking for clarification, commenting, and answering. Check out our Code of Conduct.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.