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I'm looking for authors dealing with the fundamental structure of everything, starting with no prior assumptions. One such authors is Hegel, which in Science of Logic does the following:

Hegel aims to discover the fundamental structure of everything from pure reflection alone [...]

Hegel claims to begin his Science of Logic with zero assumptions[...]

quotes source

Which are the most notable authors and/or works using similar approaches?

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    Not quite an answer, but I find the works of Tarski to be a useful counterpoint to those who strive for the fundamental structure of everything. – Cort Ammon Jun 9 at 1:12
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    Does Nicholas Rescher qualify? (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…) (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Rescher) – Tautological Revelations Jun 9 at 20:11
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    Anyone dealing with anything with no prior assumptions does not exist, especially Hegel, his grand claims notwithstanding. Fichte is another prominent author (and Hegel's precursor) who pretends to spin everything out of nothing (by inserting empirical observations and surmises in a veiled manner). As for authors who try to limit and control the influence of preconceptions, the most sustained effort was arguably made by Husserl's phenomenology, where suspension of prior beliefs (epoché) is a central methodological tenet. – Conifold Jun 10 at 6:09
  • It seems to me very few 'Western' or scholastic philosophers delve so deep. One difficulty for the question is that complexity does not go all the way down, so the phrase 'fundamental structure' may be an oxymoron..Perhaps you could check out George Spencer Brown and his book 'Laws of Form'. He gives a mathematical description of the emergence of form from formlessness. where formlessness is structureless. – PeterJ Jun 10 at 13:27
  • The issue is that the vast majority of philosophers have some kind of prior influence and/or exposure. While I respect your absolutely fascinating thoughts, what you are seeking is simply not a common interest. I am not saying what you are requesting is invalid either. – Tautological Revelations Jun 13 at 17:35

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