- God is All Powerful, omnipotent and omniscient.
- If God can do anything, can He create something that even He can't affect (e.g. a stone so heavy that He can't lift it)?
- God can do anything that is Possible.
- Even God can't do something that is not possible to be done.
Question: Can God create a stone so heavy that even He can not lift it?
1: All-powerful and omnipotent are synonyms; omniscient has nothing to do with this argument.
3: Unnecessary due to #1 (although that's what I'll be arguing omnipotent means; I agree with 3 and 4).
I propose the following argument:
- God is omnipotent.
- If God is omnipotent, then He can create an object He cannot affect.
- If God is omnipotent, then He can affect any object He creates.
- 2 and 3 are logical contradictions.
- Therefore, God cannot be omnipotent.
I think both 2 and 3 are false; They inaccurately define "omnipotent."
Can He make a stone too heavy to lift? We say "no" because He can lift anything. But that means there is something He cannot do -- make a stone too heavy to lift. It seems to me this is a logical impossibility. If it's logically impossible, then I would argue it isn't a thing at all (and if it isn't a thing, then there is still no thing that He cannot do).
Omnipotence doesn't mean God can do absolutely anything and everything without restriction; He can do anything and everything within His nature. According to Aquinas, "God is called omnipotent because He can do all things that are possible absolutely" (Summa Theologica).
He is good, therefore He cannot lie. Given that He's created the world, He is no longer able to refrain from creating at all. He cannot make 1+1=3. He cannot make a square circle. These things just don't make any sense, and therefore have nothing to do with whether God is omnipotent.