Many physicists say that time is an emergent property from quantum phenomenon, such as entanglement.
Many Christians theologians also posit that time will exist in heaven, forever.
Let's say that the laws of physics as we know them do not "function" in heaven. This brings the problem that if the laws of physics no longer hold, time cannot either, because time exists in the laws of physics, such as entanglement. If one says that time exists but is not based in the laws of physics, this brings two problems. First, what makes us think that this time will be anything like we currently experience? Second, how would we "transition" from one form of time to another?
If one accepts, instead, that the laws of physics continue to function in heaven, this brings many obvious problems, such as the eventual end of time, heat death, and particle decay, all of which would not allow an eternal heaven to exist.
For both views, there is the problem of calculating probabilities. If heaven is infinite in any way - time, persons, objects - probability loses its meaning, making heaven different from what many theologians imagine. For an example, let's say someone asks you for a random number between 1 and 100 every year in heaven. Let's say that it truly is random, and you answer "40" 1% of the time. How does this make sense? If the number of years are infinite, the number of times you answer 40 and the number of times you don't answer 40 are both infinite, making the 1% probability meaningless, as infinity/infinity makes no sense. This is an argument of the sort of the measure problem seen in cosmology, except for an infinite period of time and (possibly) infinite matter. Does it apply here?
How are these arguments dissolved by the theologians who argue that time exists in heaven as we know it?