Could someone systematically, methodologically, organisedly research Sociology, Civilisation, Culture through Language?
I.e The state of Language would be the observation and one would give a Cultural explanation(scientific theory) to why the language is the way it is. Like one sees an apple falling down and so as to explain the fall comes up with the Theory of Gravity.
In Greek we have not lost T-V distinction even thought we most frequently use the plural to address someone and there have been about 2 centuries since its introduction.
In Greek we call Mister Κύριος. Κύριος is the owner of something. If someone is Κύριος of his house he is the Master of his house. And it has not been weakened Κύριος stayed κύριος not like Master turned into Mister. Maybe the individuality(Master of oneself) is stressed more. Portuguese and other Romance languages use Senhor which is more alike Sir both rising from Senex. Noone calls someone Dono X.
In Japan they most often ask for Pardon even if most of us would thank a person instead.
In Brasil we ask for permission "Com licença" so we can interupt someone or pass by instead of asking for pardon Excuse me, Συγνώμη.
And many more examples to explain.
The whole point is that by explaining the Language(s) this way we gain insights on the culture and civilisation.