Philosophers distinguish between 2 kinds of " powers": moral powers ( authority, right to order something) which corresponds to potestas in Latin and " physical power" ( ability to do something, or to operate a constraint on somebody else) correspondind in Latin to potentia.
Force - according to Wolff in Ontologia - is distinct from " power" : force ( vis in latin) is the reason explaining the actualization of an active power. " We call vis ( force) what contains in itself the sufficient reason of the action's actuality" ( §722) . Force consists in a " continuous effort to act ( conatus agendi) (§ 724).
Is there any philosophical distinction that can be made between " strength" and "force"?
As a French speaker, the distinction is not clear to me: it seems that French language only has " force" and nothing corresponding to " strength".
What about these distinctions in English and German?
The distinctions that can be made according to me are :
A - POWER
a) potestas, authority
b) potentia : (i) active ( facultas) and passive(receptivitas) (i) pure power ( pure potentiality) and power possessed as habit ( real ability) though not necessarily exerted --> "first entelechy" in Aristotle
B - FORCE
C - STRENGTH?