Yes, there are large-scale structures that are apparent in the universe. It is also possible that the visible universe is only part of a larger multiverse - where the other universes are causally separated from us. Evidence for this is via the Orthodox cosmological model - the Lambda-CDM model which on plugging observed cosmological data shows that the universe is much much larger than the observable one. So not only are there large-scale structures in the observable universe, but it s likely the observable universe is also a large-scale structure within the multiverse.
Panpsychism is a philosophical position not widely supported now but was rather fashionable during the 19C which advocates that consciousness is everywhere. That is not only do humans & amoebas have experiences, but so do electrons and quarks. Fechner endorsed a world-soul in which everything is a part.
Of course this raises a host of questions; if ontologically elementary particles have consciousness then do aggregates? What happens if aggregates are shared?
There is also a position in Physics in which states that the physical world is Information. This has been advocated by Bekenstein in 2003, the physicist who applied thermodynamics to black holes (which is why Hawking radiation is more properly called Bekenstein-Hawking radiation).
Now when we think of a computer as a mechanism for information change; and we also consider that Strong AI applies - that is computers can be conscious; what we are saying is a certain system of information and its changes are conscious. This allows us to at least throw a bridge between the physical universe and consciousness via information.
The mainstream position of emergentism for consciousness raises the question when does consciousness happen, exactly when does it emerge? One could argue that by continuity it never does - it just becomes more and more apparent and that it was already there. But if this is true of a computer, then it should also be true for the universe; or any part thereof.
This ties it in with the panpsychist view.