What is technology ? (is it only material? aren't abstractions and cognitive processes also technologies in a way?) What about the importance of rationality in Western thought ? Can we think technology as separated of rationality?
See the idea of techno-capitalism for instance to grasp the moral universe (understand it as ethos) gravitating around the rationality-technology couple that I'm trying to depict.
Can we take "technology" per se, i.e. taking it as an **independent variable ?**
But rather, shouldn't we view it as the crystallization of rationality and other moral values ? Aren't we "shaped" by technology because we are morally prone and willing to be shaped by it ?
See the logical and mathematical fundamentals of computation in computer science and physics, see the concept of arbitrage in game theory and in risk-management (finance), economics, politics and geopolitics, etc... All of this is the abstract (or immaterial) technological fundamental of the "material" technology that shapes our everyday lives, even if we - as micro-states - don't always apply it (technology embodies nonetheless these rational-driven processes).
In this sense, religion and ideology, more than technology in itself should be seen as fundamentally trans-formative, and technology being a symptom rather than an independent cause.
Peter L. Bernstein throughout his book Against the Gods, shows us remarkably how probabilities and risk-management through it for example (i.e our progressives detachment of an exclusively speculative view of the world) shaped our vision of faith, shaped technology and science, and thus being the origin of capitalism (among other things) and the Western civilization in general.
In a similar vein, Max Weber showed how Protestantism shaped capitalism and the American culture, more broadly he shows how religion shapes culture.
In this sense, technology (whether accepted as material or immaterial - an abstract cognitive-process is a technology too), like probabilities, is more the consequence of the man standing "against the Gods" (i.e "Nature").
Sources that could help you grasp better my point of view :
Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk, Peter L. Bernstein
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Max Weber
Also, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technological_rationality
I really recommend Peter L. Bernstein's book for this topic.