"A wise man, therefore, proportions his belief to the evidence. … no testimony is sufficient to establish a miracle unless the testimony be of such a kind, that its falsehood would be more miraculous, than the fact, which it endeavors to establish." (D. Hume, An Enquiry Concerning the Human Understanding, 1748/ 1777 ed., X 'Of Miracles', para. 87: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/9662/9662-h/9662-h.htm.)

I guess my follow up question would be, what is the epistemology of science?

Also, I am curious as to how the epistemology of science has changed over time. Are there any books/readings on how science's epistemology has changed?

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    Evidence is crucial for science but science is much more complex that "collecting facts". – Mauro ALLEGRANZA Jan 22 '20 at 10:29
  • To say testimony can establish a miracle suggests a lack of scepticism to me and a rather unscientific approach to evidence. But sometimes first-person reports are considered to be scientific data, and commonly in scientific consciousness studies. . . – user20253 Jan 22 '20 at 11:09
  • A Good scientist should always keep an open mind but an open mind doesn't give a person the neccessary creativity required to see the right picture/theory in face of evidence. Science can never remove the idea of miracles since it isn't complete or perfect. There will always be room for miracles – Aristotle Stagiritis Jan 22 '20 at 12:23
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    I think there are two questions here, which you would do well to pose separately. (1) The logic of 'Hume on miracles' is a complex topic in its own right. Also it is questionable whether, or how far, Hume's 'wise man' is what we should term 'a scientist' and not something wider and vaguer. (2) The nature of scientific evidence and the changes in our understanding of it over time are huge topics. It may be only my own view but I think this question needs to be slimmed down (in respect of evidence) and the question about Hume separated off (if you really need to involve Hume here). – Geoffrey Thomas Jan 23 '20 at 1:42
  • Can you provide the citation for the Hume quote? – Mark Andrews Jan 23 '20 at 2:00

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