For one of my homework challenge questions, I have a true or false type question. The question is as follows:
True or False:
I'm not particularly sure how to solve this. I have no information about the domain or predicates to go off of.
For the sentence to be a falsehood, it would mean that no interpretation of it can be true. However as I have no information about the interpretation, I am a bit stuck on where to begin to figure it out.
Any guides or pointers to solve this question would be very much appreciated!