I was reading through Nietzsche’s The Birth of Tragedy and I came across the phrase -

In Socrates, instinct becomes the critic, consciousness the creator — a monstrosity per defectum!

As far as I was able to find, it roughly describes the "intrinsic defectiveness in Socrates's ideology" in this context. Am I understanding it correctly?

  • 1
    Please, read all previous para: for N, Socrates's daemon is an "inner voice" that acts as a critique: it always dissuades instead of "inspiring". Feb 24 '20 at 14:23
  • 2
    Reading N through Freus, we may say that Socrates' daemon is a sort of Super-ego while N think at the "inner voice" of istinct as a "creatively affirmative force", more akin to Id. Feb 24 '20 at 14:27
  • N. links the life instinct to self affirmation ("all naturalism in morality, that is, all healthy morality, is dominated by an instinct of life." (TI V:4)). i would be at least wary of claiming that S's creativity was deficient by being ruled by his super ego, and the paragraph in question links his criticism to a "divine voice" beyond his own "tremendous intelligence" -- perhaps as much to do with a lack of responsibility as too much! you could see the change as S driving a wedge between instinct and consciousness, as much as inverting their roles: critic is not all there is to creativity.
    – user44289
    Feb 24 '20 at 17:09

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