I'm currently writing a screenplay, and one of the philosophical themes arises out of a very specific conflict, with I call:
INDIVIDUAL BENEFIT vs STATE BENEFIT.
One of the characters sacrifices everything for the good of the state. You can think about it like Dostoievski's extraordinary man in Crime and Punishment. Someone willing to inflict tremendous harm on himself and others in order to achieve greatness and progress for the state and to benefit the people that live in it. A "Napoleon", if you will.
Meanwhile, we see another character who has suffered the consequences of said behavior. He wants to "change the world", he risks everything (like Raskolnikov in Crime and Punishment) and commits a crime, he thinks this action will make his country a better place and ends up losing everything because of it.
¿Does this debate have a name?
¿Do you think we should risk our own good (and the good of the people we love) for the nation's good?
Any help is much appreciated.