The great thing about Unamuno is that he stood up to Franco very publicly. Yes he appreciated the Roman Catholic faith, but not the Roman Catholic Church. The Roman church that also made a pact with Mussolini (and later with Franco).
So at the end of the day, Unamuno was a Basque through and through. A true, unique individual.
Ortega I think he was wisely an atheist. Am I right? Well I think so. It would be impossible back then to modernize with the Church’s hands around the neck of Spain.
I mentioned Heidegger above. The idea proposed by Julian Marias was that Ortega came before Heidegger, therefore he was independent of the influence of the ideas of Heidegger. But you can see a review here on Marias’ book on Ortega. There is no use for me to repeat it. Here https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262011323_Ortega_By_Julian_Marias
Sometimes Marias got a little carried away with trying to prove Ortega was original. But we should emphasize that no philosopher is completely original. We have a long history of philosophy now!
But I do think Ortega is very much worth studying. What is your opinion, Pedro?
I think Ortega did produce some original philosophy. He was influenced by German philosophy, but Ortega did original things with it. A special, unique emphasis by Ortega: Life. But this life, one’s surroundings, is not exactly the same as Heidegger’s present—to-handedness.
Newer secondary literature:
“Ortega’s Mereology, Theory of Knowledge and Metaphysic as the Foundation of Julián Marías’ "Metaphysical Anthropology"
Francesco De Nigris
Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía, Vol 35, Iss 1, Pp 205-232 (2018)
Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2018.
I think the more you know of the history of philosophy, the more you appreciate Ortega and Julian Marias. Marias said in his “Historia de la Filosofia” (1966) that true philosophy can only be metaphysics. This was saying something radical, and important, in 1966! But their philosophies are not as simple as they first appear to be.