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I'm talking about the learning process... whereby a tool, first unfamiliar to the user, after some period of time, becomes transparent to the user. For example someone learning to play an instrument.

I assume when someone encounters their instrument for the first time... that's "present-at-hand". He's conscious of the instrument, and has to be conscious of almost every motion. After many years practice it becomes "ready-to-hand". Even operating complex machinery like an aeroplane can become ready-to-hand.

But what is the process by which this happens. Does Heidegger talk about this?

Also... what is the role of language here... language is clearly involved in the learning process... but when something becomes "ready-to-hand" has the brain bypassed language now... are we operating without language until we return to the "present-at-hand". Is language still operating or is it just an intermediate tool to get to mastery of a skill?

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    Heidegger is focussed on our consciousness, not our learning process. People have studied this, it is the topic of 'expertise' in developmental psychology and 'flow' in the study of attention. But Heidegger is taking us in a different direction. He is only talking about the adult mind which has already formed its habits of attention. – hide_in_plain_sight Apr 25 '20 at 18:18
  • So Heidegger doesn't discuss the "phenomenology of learning" ? It seems to me, even as adults... we are constantly experiencing new things as "present-at-hand" and bringing them into the "ready-at-hand"... surprises me that Heidegger wouldn't be interested in the phenomenology of this process. – Ameet Sharma Apr 25 '20 at 18:35
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    But the mechanics of learning do not address what he is after in the context where he raises this notion. The discussion is in "Being and Time", so the focus is on the self and how it is different at different times -- about how we become more or less of ourselves in a given moment by attaching to tools or ideas and then go back to being less by putting those back outside our state of being... He had to make the point before other people could flesh out the details. As I have pointed out, there has been a lot fof fololw-up in Education and in Psychology. But only decades later. – hide_in_plain_sight Apr 25 '20 at 22:48
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I would take a look at Heidegger's account of Aristotle's four causes in The Question Concerning Technology (trans. 1977). I suspect he would answer that present-at-hand becomes ready-to-hand where given meaning through use.

As is usual with Heidegger he rarely commits to clear distinctions or associations in his later work. It's tempting to simply say 'techne' makes this kind of difference - but then again this would be open to the reader's interpretation. Some interpret Heidegger's references to techne as akin to meaningful use - as found in tradecraft. Others are prone to give his take on techne a more esoteric and less practical meaning.

Personally I'm pretty confident going with the former interpretation. Meaningful use fits with his views on both techne, tradecraft and things like bridges and old boots!

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