In ecological economics production means "process of transformation energy/matter into another energy/matter".
So What is production in philosophy ?
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Hylemorphic model (Arisotle) : production is information of a matter, that is embodying a form into some matter, in such aa way that matter is actualized ( passes from potentiality to actuality) ; example a statue is pruduced when the form " image/ representation of a god" is given to a stone ( = matter)
Mechanistic model ( Descartes) : production is operating a change in geometrical properties of matter ; displacing, separating, uniting, changing shape, size.
Philosophers have established various distinctions regardng production
(1) natural production / intentional ( intelligent) production --> Aristotle, Kant ( causing / doing, causare / facere)
(2) routine / skilled production , experience / art --> Aristotle, Metaphysics , Alpha
(3) production applying knowledge ( technique) / hability, power, art ---> Kant, Critique of Judgment
(4) interested production (labour) / free disinterested esthetic production (art) --> Kant, Critique of Judgment
(5) production as labour / production as work --> Hannah Arendt, Human Condition
(6) production as transformation / production as creation ( production ex nihilo)
Maybe interesting for you : https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1086026607313580