I am researching aspects of human knowledge acquisition and how it relates to early phases of learning and memorization. Basically, is there research and terminology for the distinction between memorizing a fact and true knowledge/understanding of that fact?
Consider the following examples:
- A person reads that the Eiffel Tower is in Paris. This person has never physically been to Paris, has never seen the Eiffel Tower in any real capacity, and does not know anyone who has done either. This person memorizes that the Eiffel Tower is in Paris, but at what point can we say that the person has the knowledge that the Eiffel Tower is in Paris?
- A person is asked the question: "What is the nationality of Jean-Pierre Renault?" This person has never heard of Jean-Pierre Renault, but he has memorized that the first name and last name are indicative of French people. So if this person correctly replies "Jean-Pierre Renault is French", can we say that this person has knowledge of that fact?
Thanks for any help and/or pointers to research literature.