Let's suspend for a moment the How? of the body mind problem and suppose an ontological paradigm where there are two classes of objects: mental and physical. Also that physical objects are spatially and temporally extended while mental objects are not. Physical things are the objects of everyday experience, and information. Information is physically expressed knowledge e.g. a book or memory. Mental objects are concepts, abstractions, and knowledge. True knowledge is a valid set of interconnections linking concepts, e.g. man and father, or modus ponens.
All knowledge exists simultaneously, but it can only be expressed in the physical if the necessary spatiotemporal structures exist. Thus information is built up over time following the pattern set by knowledge but also informing what knowledge may be expressed. This means that there are two modes of thinking: purely mental where a certain chain of conceptual relations is brought to attention, and physical thought where particular structures are activated or created. It also means that some concepts are more basic (primitive) and others are derivative.
I believe that dualism is a necessary structure to the creation of information, and a basic concept to experiential knowledge. However, we can return to monism by specifying the physical as a substructure of the mental, information is a cohesive linkage of concepts. But note that the mental may be seen as a product of the physical, provided only that incorrect knowledge may be so produced as exemplified by a state of confusion or the expression of untruth...
Question: Has any philosopher asserted that knowledge is atemporal, or made this distinction between knowledge and information?
Edit: "knowledge" here are closely related to what can be discovered by Plato's anamnesis. In fact the only difference is that the base substance can be mental or physical (or more precisely, both). The caveat is that the knowledge of what I will eat next Friday can only become information once the physical (spatiotemporal) structure "next Friday" becomes realized. So there are two basic assertions in question here: 1) All knowledge exist always, and 2) There is a distinction between knowledge and information.
Knowledge can be experienced but not communicated or memorized. Information can be communicated but can only exist contingent on supporting spatiotemporal structure. Knowledge can be accessed at any time, but information exist in a temporal niche. Knowledge cannot be created while information is created by agency such as physical process or human intellect.