I am trying to understand fascism (in its various forms) in philosophical/ideological terms. From what I've understood so far, it seems that (considered on its own terms) fascist ideology points towards the future, and is all about creating a new world. It is about striving for racial and/or cultural perfection, becoming perfect humans and the perfect state. Driving out "degeneracy", etc. Not to mention "improving" the rest of the world by means of expansionism.
So I was very surprised to find this:
"According to Mohler, the key to fascism, is captured in Nietzsche’s notion of Amor Fati, meaning love of the world as it is, with its eternal dialectic between birth and destruction (Vernichtung); the world as it now is without hope of improvement in the beyond nor in the distant future. Mohler, once private secretary to Ernst Jünger, captures perfectly Jünger’s notion of heroic realism. Heroic, Mohler writes, because this world is not to be seen as realistic (in the sense of true to reality) in order to allow us to postulate another and better one, but to affirm the world as it is."
(Karla O. Poewe, "Scientific neo‐paganism and the extreme right then and today: From Ludendorff ‘s Gotterkenntnis to Sigrid Hunke's Europas Eigene religion", 1999)
A glance at Armin Mohler's Wikipedia page suggests he would know what he was talking about.
I'm aware that Nietzschean concepts like the Superman and the Will to Power were influences upon Nazism, but the notion of Amor Fati seems utterly contrary to it. Is Mohler's just an eccentric view, or do I understand even less of this than I thought (which is quite likely)?
Re terminology: I'm aware of (capital-F) "Fascism" referring specifically to Mussolini's variety. I'm using the term in a broader sense than than that, but not so broadly as to include all racists and authoritarians. Definitions abound, and are extremely confusing. If it's possible to point to what was ideologically common between Italian Fascism and Nazism and describe it in a substantive way, then that is probably what I mean.
Edited to add more thoughts: Another way Amor Fati seems contrary to fascism is that fascism seems to be about shaping the world to someone's will; objectifying & subordinating everyone & everything & using them as raw material from which some edifice is to be built.
The relations of domination and enslavement take the form of a characteristic pageantry: the massing of groups of people; the turning of people into things; the multiplication or replication of things; and the grouping of people/things around an all-powerful, hypnotic leader-figure or force. The fascist dramaturgy centers on the orgiastic transactions between mighty forces and their puppets, uniformly garbed ... (Susan Sontag)
Whereas Amor Fati seems to celebrate the chaos of what is.
Similarly how can a system which roots out, forbids, destroys & kills any ideas, practices or people which do not fit its narrow notion of the good, possibly have anything in common with this:
I want to learn more and more to see as beautiful what is necessary in things; then I shall be one of those who make things beautiful. Amor fati: let that be my love henceforth! I do not want to wage war against what is ugly. I do not want to accuse... all in all and on the whole: some day I wish to be only a Yes-sayer. (Nietzsche, the Gay Science)