I'm taking an introductory philosophy course and I find it fascinating. I can't really figure out an assignment though because I'm a bit foggy on what the difference between ontological and epistemological claims is.
Of course, I'm writing 2-3 sentences per bullet, but my shortened answers are in bold.
For each of the following claims (a)-(f), say whether it is an ontological claim or an epistemological claim. Then in one-three sentences explain why. In explaining your answer, it may help to spell out what the claim means.
- (a) Zombies (in the philosophical sense) are conceivable. (epistemological)
- (b) Zombies (in the philosophical sense) are possible. (ontological)
- (c) A koala is necessarily an animal. (ontological, but not sure)
- (d) From the claim that “All koalas are animals” and the claim that “Fluffy is a koala” I can deduce the claim that “Fluffy is an animal”. (epistemological, but not sure)
- (e) There is only one fundamental kind of stuff that makes up the universe, and that stuff is physical. (ontological)
- (f) All phenomena can be explained in terms of physical phenomena. (epistemological, but not sure)
Please let me know if I'm mixing them up or not understanding the concepts. Thanks!