From "The Genealogy of Morals" (see here):

Rome felt that the Jews were something contrary to nature itself, something like its monstrous polar opposite. In Rome the Jew was considered "guilty of hatred again the entire human race." And that view was correct, to the extent we are right to link the health and the future of the human race to the unconditional rule of aristocratic values, the Roman values.

This is from the first essay where he describes the dichotomy of master/slave-morality. The Jews are described as "priests" who build their status in Roman society by subverting the moral foundations of it by inverting the notions of "good (noble) and bad (not noble)" into "good (weak) and evil (powerful)".

About the hatred of priests he says:

As is well known, priests are the most evil of enemies—but why? Because they are the most powerless. From their powerlessness, their hate grows into something immense and terrifying, to the most spiritual and most poisonous manifestations.

I understand the part about "hatred" of Roman society, but I fail to understand how this applies to the "entire human race"?

2 questions:

  1. Why is this considered as "hatred again the entire human race"?
  2. "guilty of hatred again the entire human race." is stated as a quote. Is there any source on this? Couldn't find it.


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  • Annals by Tacitus, Bk.XV. 44, probably; it is a deformed quote but the original "odium generis humani" is also an ambiguous genitive. – sand1 Nov 20 at 21:15
  • It's a bit contrived. Obviously, in the Jewish roman wars, the Jews just fought to regain independence after having been invaded (same as other peoples invaded by Rome). But as propaganda, it could have been claimed that the Jews want to destroy the roman order. And if the roman order is necessary for the human race to flourish, the Jewish rebellion does not seem to just fight against roman interest, but against the interests of the human race, which can be labeled hatred against the human race. Nietzsche uses this historical propaganda to illustrate ideas of good and evil. – tkruse 20 hours ago

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