Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite?

We know when people do/pretend something which he does not believe/poses, we call them hypocrite. Now what will happen if someone does not reflect his contradicting thoughts in practice? Can we still call him/her hypocrite. For example, If I believe everyone should be treated equally and at the same time I also contain hatred in my mind for specific religion follower. Am I a hypocrite then? Or I can be called hypocrite only if I reflect at least one of the thoughts as action in practice?

Note that, cognitive dissonance are usually unintentional but my question here is about an intentional contradicting belief.

  • 1
    "I believe everyone should be treated equally and at the same time I also contain hatred in my mind for specific religion follower" is not contradictory in the first place. Not unless the hatred is reflected in the treatment. There is a reason why hypocrisy label attaches to actions and not to mere emotions. Emotions can't be helped, they are not controlled the way actions are, there is no ordering the heart around. But one could, perhaps, attach the label to willful mental action, along the Jesus's line that to lust after a woman is to commit adultery in one's heart.
    – Conifold
    Jan 11, 2021 at 7:16
  • @Conifold isnt it a contradictory belief? Jan 11, 2021 at 9:19
  • @Conifold what about holding two contradicting willful mental actions. Can we call a hypocrite to the holder? Jan 11, 2021 at 9:20
  • 1
    "Contradictory" means logically incompatible, it is incompatible to do what one believes should not be done, but it is perfectly compatible to do what one hates. As they say rhetorically, I detest what you stand for, but I would give my life for your right to do it. I do not see how actions can be contradictory, but holding two incompatible beliefs, and acting on them, is intellectual inconsistency, not hypocrisy. Hypocrisy is about insincerity of behavior, not about irrational belief system.
    – Conifold
    Jan 11, 2021 at 10:10
  • Contradictory in the academic sense means a specific thing. That thing is a relationship between PROPOSITIONS. The term contradiction or contradictory DOES NOT & CAN NOT refer to actions. What you are expressing is the SLANG USE of the term. No logician will say somet action is contradictory in a literal sense. The term is reserved for ideas not behaviors from those ideas. What you meant to say was A HYPOCRITE is the correct term for someone who says one thing but behaves in an INCONSISTENT WAY fron their thought. The correct term is hypocrite when you say X and you end up doing Y.
    – Logikal
    Jan 11, 2021 at 20:35


You must log in to answer this question.

Browse other questions tagged .