Cyclic cosmologies, like the dharmachakra and the bhavacakra of Buddhist thought, imply or illustrate this, although in the context of pointing beyond to a different way to be.
Antinatalism is arguably one response to perception of life as an endless treadmill. You could point to consciousness as at odds pr potentially so, to the Darwinian requirement that units of selection that replicate more will predominate, and that may have no meaning at all.
The dialectic could be a candidate for a progressive developing truth which demands continual dialogue with it to develop.
The idea of any 'ultimate truth' or meaning being found already embody a host of assumptions about truth that many philosophers don't share, such as absurdists. For me, I look to that style of thinking as coming from an implicit model of thinking as a mathematical logic, of axioms that are fundamental and build into necessary truths. Since Godel we know that doesn't work. Foundationalist approaches get caught on the horns of Munchausen's trilemma. So I look to strange-loops and tangled hierarchies, to picture how minds have this capacity to just begin where they are, building an emergent structure to integrate themselves with their experiences. This article about philosophers using a strange looping tactic illustrates the power of this.
This framework applied to understanding consciousness as originating poinrs to awareness awareness as fundamental, and only then calculation or iteration of rules/structures; so as able to put a set of those 'down', step outside given structures of thought and encapsulate them as elements in a new structure, or break them down in new way - like with Hofstadter's 'tangled hierarchies'. Using consistency & other values or heuristics acquired separate to specifics, to guide the process of how to integrate our experiences. This can be linked to understanding what creativity is, and Poppers observations about hypothesis generation in science.
In a peer-to-peer reality with no mind-of-god as arbiter of what is objective, as quantum mechanics points to, truth and reality are properties of an interacting network, as illustrated by Indra's Net.
The search for meaning is a search to integrate experiences. The Integrated Information Theory approach sketches how that might describe the direction towards 'more conscious' or 'more awake'.