Reading Alain Connes' less-technical books (with coauthors) Conversations on Mind, Matter, and Mathematics (1995) and Triangle of Thoughts (2001) left me especially impressed with his platonist view on Mathematics that assumes existence of an archaic mathematical reality outside space-time yet as inexhaustible as normal physical reality.
I am wondering whether his specific arguments build on top of an established school within philosophy (not just platonism in the philosophy of mathematics in general) or whether they triggered follow-up work by philosophers. If any such school or work exists (in normal physical reality, i.e. :), who are the leading exponents and what articles or books could I consult for a more detailed presentation?
Here are some relevant quotes from the two books:
Take prime numbers, for example, which as far as I’m concerned, constitute a more stable reality than the material reality that surrounds us [...]
[If we consider Gödel’s incompleteness theorem] from a different angle – namely, as asserting that true propositions about positive integers can’t be reduced, by means of logical inference, to a finite number of axioms – it can be seen to imply that the quantity of information contained in the set of all such true propositions about positive integers is infinite. I ask you: isn’t that the distinguishing characteristic of a reality independent of all human creation? [...]
What I find fascinating about mathematical reality, and about the effort made by human being to try to understand the objects that populate it, is that it’s often possible to characterize a particular object up to isomorphism by its properties [...] I would be very difficult, I think, to make similar statements about external physical reality. How could even the earth, for instance, our own planet, be defined protectively? One could say that it’s the third planet in a system revolving around a star situated in the spiral arm of a galaxy, but obviously this doesn’t single it out from a great man other planets [...]
All the logical conclusions that we arrive at be deductive reasoning belong, in my opinion, to a projective system of thought [...] The true or not-true properties of integers, by contract, belong to archaic reality [...] These amount to experimentally verified facts about archaic reality [...]
It does seem to me that one indisputable feature of external reality is that it constitutes a constant source of information that, while not, of course, immediately comprehensible to the brain, isn’t reducible to the past [...] Each second that passes in a give volume is going to produce a certain number of new bits of information that are irreducible to the past [...] To me this is one of the basic attributes of external reality [...]
Reality is a source of information in the sense that there are things constantly coming into existence that can’t be reduced to past events – things that are really new [...]
To me, our ability to comprehend the external physical world implies that there exists an archaic mathematical reality that exists on the same footing as external physical reality […] The thing that’s extraordinary about mathematical conceptualization is that we’re able to conceive of a universe as a four-dimensional object, we don’t have to situate it within a larger dimensional space. We can picture it intrinsically, as it were – on its own terms […] There’s no longer any causality, because there’s no longer any time! Once you adopt this way of looking at the outside world, the notion of causality is simply one of the features of the mathematical model of the universe. There’s no longer any obstacle to conceiving of this archaic mathematical reality as something that exists alongside the universe.
(Connes' ideas around subjective time also seemed quite inspiring and potentially deep.)