I am coming at this question from the view that the brain is a sort of machine that maintains a structure that is built and modified through experiences. From that structure manifests an individual's model of reality. This model is their explanation, rules, and understanding of how the world works, it helps make inferences forward/backward, it strongly determines their thinking and behavior, etc.
What is a name for this structure? If you could somehow extract it from the brain into a computer then you could predict every thought and action a person would have given a context. Changing the structure would change thinking and behavior.
Some terms I have seen are belief system, worldview, and knowledge base. These don't really seem to fit.
I am looking for a better term. Is there a good fit? Are there any out there in literature?
UPDATE: The assumption I'm coming from is that the brain is a network of data from experience and also contains processes common to everyone. So there are data and processes. Character, ideology, or personal bias seem to both be some subset of data and processes. I'm looking for the word that describes only the data and all of it. The assumption is that within some context the various processes and data result in thinking, behavior, inference, etc. I'm looking for the word describing only the data. Perhaps the mental processes are common to everyone, but the data is what allows the processes to give unique results.
UPDATE 2: Looking at the "worldview" wikipedia page I see the following: "..Additionally, it refers to the framework of ideas and beliefs forming a global description through which an individual, group or culture watches and interprets the world and interacts with it." This probably works if the data I refer to is equivalent to "framework of ideas and beliefs". Any thoughts?
Update 3: The idea of "sense data" is useful and helps explain what I had in mind. To me it appears sense data is raw data, unanalyzed. Automatic processes in the brain then filter, organize the sense data, create associations to other data, create additional data, etc. Basically, the brain structures the data to make it useful and meaningful.
Essentially, what I'm looking for is a term that refers to sense data that the brain stores and the additional organizational, associative structures and data that make the information useable and meaningful. Basically, its the data and model of reality the individual uses to think and act. Experience is like a constant collection of data and the brain mines it for rules, associations, etc that can help in navigating the world, thinking, acting, surviving. The senses are like sensors on a robot and the brain is like the computer trying to create an internal model of the world it is navigating so that it can survive and make better decisions in future situations. (I imagine the internal model contains the sense data because future experience can give past data different meaning). Is there a word for that model in humans? Or something really close?