The words, "Cause" and "Effect", are studied in fields, such as Physics, Cosmology and particularly Philosophy-(i.e. Analytical Philosophy, Metaphysics, as well as, The Philosophy of Science). Yet, there is another field which also studies Causality....it is called, Historical Causation or if you prefer, Causality in History.
Both Historians and Philosophers of History have been studying the causal nature of History for centuries. But, what is interesting about Historical Causation is its paradoxical nature. Every Historical Cause has an expected effect or result; yet, inherent in every historical effect, is also, a new historical cause and conversely, inherent in every historical cause is also, a new historical effect. Here is an example:
I. The Northern Italian Renaissance-(1400-1650), caused or helped cause The European-(and in particular, French) Enlightenment-(late 1600's-early 1800's). One can view The Northern Italian Renaissance as a Causal Force which sparked and helped create an equally advanced cultural movement. Yet, at the same time, The Northern Italian Renaissance was not created from a vacuum; it too, was the result or an Effect related to an earlier Cause(s). Here are some examples:
- The Age of Scholasticism/The Late Middle Ages.
- The Toledo/Iberian Translation movement during the Late Middle Ages.
- Greco-Byzantine intellectual expats who settled into the Veneto 600 plus years ago and helped jumpstart The Renaissance.
ALL of these prior causes helped spawn and generate, The Northern Italian Renaissance. And from this diagram, we can see how The Northern Italian Renaissance was both the Effect, as well as the Cause, within a Historical Continuum. If the Cause is A and the Effect is B, then the Northern Italian Renaissance, was BOTH B, as well as A; it was the result of prior influences, while also serving as the influencer or catalyzer of newer civilizations and movements. The Historical Causation model is not just limited to the Northern Italian Renaissance; its applicability is universal and can be applied to ANY historical event.
Should the study of Historical Causation rise to equal status among the above mentioned philosophical fields that focus on Cause and Effect?