Not sure if this is the right forum, but this seems to be the best fit. IF there is a better forum, please direct me.
Marx and Weber are both concerned with the role of "culture" or "idea/ideology" on the material world. Obviously, Weber placing a greater emphasis on ideology than Marx does.
Marxists look at culture as Dominant Culture: the culture of the ruling class. This ideology legitimizes the domination of the ruling class (i.e., capitalists) and their exploitation of the masses (i.e., the proletariat).
Weberians (is that the right term?) see the hand of Modern Culture: the ideology of rationalization. While the ideology of rationalization is born from the material world (from a confluence of historical phenomenons), rationalization also has taken a life of its own. People rationalize for the sake of rationalization, not for greater efficiency or utility.
Now, my question--sorry--is does Weber see rationalization as a "black and white" phenomenon? Basically, does Weber see an idea/thing/whatever as rational, or irrational? In my view, what is rational for the worker is not always rational for the capitalist. Though their interests may intersect, they are not identical. I guess that I am a little confused on what rationality means for Weber. Does he perceive of a monolithic rational truth versus fantasy, or is their more gray area than that?
The paragraph above is basically my question, but if anyone disagrees with my interpretation of Weber or Marx let me know.