I have painstakingly scanned (as in: put on a scanner to make a PDF) 352 pages of a hard copy version of Nozick's 1963 dissertation The Normative Theory of Individual Choice.

I don't have page 57.

I got the paperwork from ProQuest. I recall that they checked and found that page 57 isn't on the microfilm.

So, I ask: does anybody have page 57?

There is a possibility that Nozick miss-numbered the pages. I'll give you the last and first bits of pages 56 and 58. What do you think (especially of the double "that")?

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If you happen to have the 1990 book The Normative Theory of Individual Choice, which is out-of-print, I would really appreciate it if you'd have a look for comparison and whether there is a page missing from the dissertation or not. In the dissertation, the section is named "Section 3: On a Tentative Account of Preference and Indifference".

NB: The work has some historical significance as it may very well contain the first definition of the concept that later became known as "common knowledge".

So far as I know, the first statement that game theory needed this infinite layering of knowledge appeared in my doctoral dissertation, The Normative Theory of Individual Choice (Princeton University, 1963), published by Garland Publishing (New York, 1990), pp. 273-274. [...]

Invariances: The Structure of the Objective World, p. 375n60

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    @HunanRostomyan Not that I know of. Two years ago, I reached out to Feser, Schmidtz, Bader, Steinbauer, and Schaefer. Just to obtain the dissertation. Those who replied didn't have it and had no suggestions. (Very helpful university librarians pointed me towards ProQuest.)
    – user3164
    Oct 26, 2013 at 20:18
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    It looks like the book is in many libraries throughout the country, especially university libraries. Try checking if there's one near you: worldcat.org/title/normative-theory-of-individual-choice/oclc/… Oct 26, 2013 at 20:51
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    That would be very nice! It is about 9 pages into the above-mentioned section 3 of the chapter "Preference and Indifference". (Probably much less if they redid the type for the book.) If you have a smart phone, it could take a few snapshots of the pages, CIA style. :)
    – user3164
    Oct 27, 2013 at 11:36
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    I hope the missing page is a treasure map. Oct 31, 2013 at 3:52
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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it is not about philosophical thought, but about a book.
    – user2953
    Dec 31, 2015 at 20:52

1 Answer 1


Heading into the library: Bodleian Old Schools Quadrangle, Oxford

The book awaits, retrieved from a 6.5 million book warehouse: The Normative Theory of Individual Choice

Excitement as page 57 is present: Page 57!

Compared to the consecutive pages, the page itself is rather hard to read. My first thought was that when compiling the book, it had been retrieved from a different source. But there are more similarly unclear pages later in the book, so that doesn't particularly fit with it being the one page missing from ProQuest.

Top half of page 57 Bottom half of page 57

(I do have a few more photos if you want help deciphering, but to be honest, I think most of the problems will be with the actual book, not my photography.)

  • @NickKidman It wasn't exactly necessary, but it felt like a dramatic answer, so I decided to go for it :D (was also the first time I'd recalled a book from the stack/warehouse, so was doubly exciting for me)
    – 8128
    Dec 20, 2013 at 17:12
  • are you whoever asked the question?
    – user6917
    Jan 2, 2016 at 11:27

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