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I like philosophy since long time ago I know a little about Socrates, Plato, Descartes, Hegel, Marx, Kant, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche and Leibniz. I like his work but there is a topic that I am really interesting and is the artificial-intelligence. I know about John Searle but I want to explore more philosophers beyond only create an AI.

Can anyone recommend me about philosophers which work is about our future as a society Immortality( Like altered carbon serie), Social Systems, Artificial Intelligence, Interstellar Contact, Extraterrestrial Civilizations, Power Structures?

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  • Welcome to PSE! But now, you like whose work? '...his work' follows a list of names. Are you referring forward to John Searle? If so, 'John Searle's work' might be a useful amendment.
    – Geoffrey Thomas
    Sep 18 at 14:16
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Nick Bostrom lays out key grounding and terminology for modern thinking about AI & AGI (artificial general intelligence) in his book Superintelligence. David Chalmers is another key thinker, all of his articles are here and information on his books.

Technologies beyond AGI, is really a domain for science fiction rather than philosophy, because real AGI will already transform our world beyond recognition. Certain thinkers who have proved good at thinking about the near & sometimes far future, have been called futurologists. One I find a very interesting thinker and writer is Cory Doctorow.

On immortality you might like the Philpapers archive on immortality. Thomas Nagel champions the view death is intrinsically bad. Bernard Williams argued for immortal life not being worth living. In an interviewRichard K. Morgan said this:

Morgan traces the genesis of Altered Carbon to an argument he had with a Buddhist at a party. “We got talking about karma and the idea that if you’re suffering in this life it’s because in a previous life you did something shitty. I’ve got a lot of time for Buddhism. Among the predominant faiths, it’s the one that’s the least full of bullshit. But I pressed him: ‘So I’m suffering and I can’t remember what I did to earn this suffering? That’s not right, is it, because I’m not that person?’ And he said: ‘It’s the same soul.’ I said: ‘It doesn’t fucking matter. What matters is whether you, as an experiential being, remember it. Otherwise I’m being punished and I don’t know why. That’s the height of injustice.’”

He misunderstands Buddhist philosophy, because he hasn't integrated it's deconstruction of conventional ideas about the self, with rebirth (not of any unchanging 'self', but of causes and conditions). Buddhist thought has a lot to offer in thinking about different kinds of minds.

The idea human minds will stay uniquely individual in a future where brains can be fabricated is really just a thought experiment, in practice it's a non-starter that would require legal enforcement. I really like Hannu Rajaniemi's Jean de Flambeur trilogy for a more meaningful exploration of the future intelligences landscape. Dennis E Taylor also explores the decay of notions of individuality in the future in his Bobiverse series.

You might like this discussion, on social systems: Are Societies as an Individual Entity, Aware? 'Social systems' & 'power structures' are vague & cover all of political philosophy & anthropology.

I don't think contact with alien minds is discussed enough in philosophy. The Fermi Paradox is a major outstanding issue for science. I like that people are thinking now about whether there could be life inside stars. There is a theory of the origins of consciousness which suggests the surfaces of neutron stars might be experiencing it.

I recommend narrowing the scope of your questions, to get answers that are more useful to you.

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  • thk u. Yes. Sorry for the broad question just I don't know where to start. I don't know if my question fit here. but for example some scientist believe that could be life based in silicon. scientist think is more probably life in silicon than carbon but that affirmations are not science is philosophy. I am looking scientist/philosophers. A time ago I see a map about philosophy areas and I remember a section about future, science, space life and so that's why I am asking here and if you know as a example what I meaning check this stack exchange Sep 17 at 12:35
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    @rubengavidia0x: Yes am in World Building SE. Silicon-based life, as opposed to carbon-based life, was an early attempt at 'thinking outside the box' about alien lifeforms en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… It's not philosophically interesting because there is no reason to expect it to be fundamentally different. It's very likely it would be less complex, as is silicon chemistry. Digital life like AGIs, & star-life are more promising for getting at deep issues about what being alive is - and so, for using philosophy.
    – CriglCragl
    Sep 18 at 21:33

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