I dont think that they are synonyms.
Akrasia (ακρασία = insobriety ) is the explanation of not being able to do the morally good although their knowledge, ie what moral knowledge has no per se effect enforcement, employs a central problem in philosophy since antiquity. For Socrates, if anyone from people not sin on purpose, the problem is the lack of actual knowledge (not willingly bad). Plato, anticipating that the Socratic solution was impossible as such, constructed a metaphysical edifice ("theory of ideas") to explain the insobriety describing simultaneously the required moral knowledge of a particular type of people (State). Aristotle finally takes another route explanation accepting the crucial role of emotions and human passions in the psychology of human action.
Procrastination ( κωλυσιεργία = κωλύω + έργο) is just postponement. The energy of procrastination, the constant interference or reliance barriers, real or artificial, in a process in order for it to be delayed or not completed.
I can only see a connection if you suppose that procrastination is the cause of akrasia but its not the only factor to consider.