I will be teaching a Statistics class next semester. A lot of the thought process behind classical statistical methods (e.g. hypothesis testing) is driven by the need of scientists to quantify strength-of-evidence, and is ultimately rooted in some flavor of fallibilism. I would like to take a short time to introduce the main takeaways of the philosophical roots of modern science, but geared toward an audience who will be actually using the inductive thought processes espoused by fallibilism and its immediate relatives, but who also who have ~0 philosophy background.
My primary concern is the tendency for philosophers to endlessly address every conceivable and historical objection to a theory. So, for example, I don't want to assign readings from Popper's Logic of Scientific Discovery, because he goes on at (great) length referencing the historical debate surrounding the topic and rebutting/refuting other philosophies that a layman would not be familiar with. I realize that it is impossible to really get a sense of a theory without a contrast, but sometimes philosophical texts really require a depth of philosophical knowledge and context that isn't appropriate for my use case.
Are there any good, short resources for "a practical guide to modern science philosophy for dummies"?