I often come to wonder about a specific, quite abstract question. Since I am not used to writing about such thing, it is very difficult for me to explain, but I will try to present my reasoning by slowly increasing the "difficulty", in three steps:
Step 1: I study physics and I therefore often use mathematics. We can think as mathematical logic as being what is it is and that it would be exactly the same in any other universe/reality, i.e. that the concepts of logic is bigger that the physical realization (or physical laws) of our universe. But nothing forces us to think that. Nothing forbids the existence of a universe where 1+1=2 is false, or where the concept of 1+1 is not even defined. If those universe are not forbidden, the fact that the logic 1+1=2 exists in our universe gives us an information about our reality. Now imaging a universe where 1+1=2 is false or were is it not even defined is very difficult because we are used to our universe. But now comes the crucial question: are we be able, in principle, to imagine all the alternative logics or is the fact that we live in our universe constraining our imagination?
Step 2: My question has nothing to do with the different mathematical logics, it is just an example. What I am wondering is: is our reality constraining what we can think about or, since thinking is completely abstract, it has nothing to do with reality and we can think about anything we want and go beyond our reality?
Step 3: My question has also nothing to do with what us, as humans, can think or not think about in terms "processing power", it is about what is accessible in principle. If I had to reformulate the full question, it would be:
Final question: Does the abstractness of a concept allow it to transcend reality (i.e. to go beyond our reality and any physical laws of our physical, practical, down to earth, universe/reality) ? Or does the fact the we live in a specific universe already restricts the concepts we have access to from the start ?
I know absolutely nothing about philosophy. I hope this question is understandable/interesting/relevant for this branch of SE. I don't necessarily ask answers/opinions, references related to this topic would already be amazing.