Time is to distance or acceleration what progression is to space. Time “exists” like distance as a measurement but is not ‘real’ like me, you or the earth that we stand. Time is a measurement of temporal progression. In the same way acceleration is a measurement for spatial progression. We have misconstrued time as a plane of existence due to the limited duration of our physical existence. But time is not causative of the progression in the universe. The interaction of the opposing forces of stasis and motion perpetuate vibration in the universe and the universal vibration generates universal static electricity that hold the vibrating constituents together coherently. All this happens in space but we can measure how they progress through time because the present is fleeting. But the causation of perpetuation of vibration is the interaction of stasis and motion and the electromagnetic net it generates through universal vibration.
Relativity theory teaches us that time is pretty much equivalent to space - our perception of it as different is mainly due to our everyday experience limited to small velocities. Thinking of time as different is akin to thinking that vertical direction is different from the horizontal ones, because we can displace ourselves horizontally, but not vertically.
On a more basic level time, space (and possibly other dimensions) follow from the basic symmetries of the universe.
This could be better answered in physics community - although the answers may be somewhat technical, the community is usually quite open to non-experts.