I am reading a secondary source that has a section dedicated to Hegel. It says “For Hegel, the whole of history is such a dialectical process—one that is driven by Geist returning to itself, having “emptied” itself into time.” What exactly is meant by Geist returning to itself? How is it possible for something to return to itself?
That implies something can leave itself in order to return back to itself. How does that even work exactly? Can someone give me other examples of things returning to themselves?
And also, what does it mean for something to empty itself into time? Please understand, I am a novice when it comes to philosophy, so please spare the philosophical/Hegelian jargon if possible. So in other words, please don’t give an explanation as if I already understand the topic I’m asking about.
There’s also this “explanation” which I don’t understand:
and there are three aspects of the dialectical process: thesis, antithesis, and synthesis, which is made up of thesis and its antithesis; however, this synthesis contains its own antithesis and thus resolves in a new synthesis, thus "returning" to itself.
What is meant by “synthesis contains its own antithesis”? What does it mean for a something to contain its own antithesis? How is this possible and what are some examples?