After some discussion, I noticed the philosophical questions I want to explore are mainly ideas that take a relativist and anti-realist point of view. (whether when it comes to morals, or concepts such as Femininity)

What should I read if I want to deepen my understanding of relativism and anti-realism (as well as their opposite views)?

I want to answer questions such as:

  • Is everything a social construct?
  • Are some interpreted meanings more absurd than others (such as interpreting 'American' as a person who loves carrots vs a person who comes from America)
  • What is the nature of something being 'better' or 'worse', what could be a source of giving out values of better/worse?

Which branch of philosophy should I begin with first?

  • As well as that Moral Relativism SEP article I posted you, I highly recommend Kurt Vonnegut's book 'Cat' s Cradle'. goodreads.com/book/show/135479.Cat_s_Cradle He makes really incisive points about how we group people into constructed categories, & why. You might like this answer on Moral Nihilism philosophy.stackexchange.com/questions/79432/… & this on postmodernism vs relativism philosophy.stackexchange.com/questions/90506/…
    – CriglCragl
    Commented Mar 28, 2023 at 17:38
  • @CriglCragl Thank you!
    – user65383
    Commented Mar 28, 2023 at 20:15
  • for such questions, it is always best to list your general background or what you have already read
    – emesupap
    Commented Mar 29, 2023 at 2:20
  • @Papuseme Yes but which branch of philosophy should I explore to understand relativism/anti-realism?
    – user65383
    Commented Mar 29, 2023 at 6:21
  • 1
    metaphysics, in particular metaethics. Skim the SEP/IEP first as it will give you a good orientation of modern thought on the subject
    – emesupap
    Commented Mar 30, 2023 at 3:42


You must log in to answer this question.