To be clear - real science is always obscure, what you see on the surface is popcorn. Mediocracy. Fueled by the economy's desire for innovation and human thirst for domination using technology.
Real scientists nowadays are no more than in ancient times. This number is constant due to sociological/mental/spiritual reasons.
1 NO. It does not take more efforts to produce good results. Do you know how many years it took Einstein or Newton to develop their theories? Their clean brain effort time is HUGE. Today, everybody who would have awareness and concentration to do similar mental efforts will be equally rewarded.
2 Consensus is NOT obsolete and never will be. Moreover consensus happens not just in space but also across time and generations. Simply because the one's who search now respect and learn from the one's who searched before them. In mediocre bureaucratic science consensus also finds place as a common helplessness and absence of creativity.
3 Scientific knowledge is never fragmented, if you think its fragmented you don't posses it. What you call fragmented are scientific applications which were always numerous. Even in times of Newton. Scientific applications do not bear scientific knowledge.
Last but not least science always dealt with huge amount of facts - that's how it was created in the first place. What "science" never dealt with is so big amount of 'scientists'.