Linked Questions

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Fundamental Truths in Philosophy [duplicate]

Many years ago I took a philosophy class that covered Descartes. The teacher logically explained to us the "I think Therefore I am" over the course of a week. He also said that it was one of the ...
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1answer
212 views

Is a proof still valid if many people say that is true? [duplicate]

A proof is some explanation to convincing others that a statement is true (or false in case of a counterexample). As Yuri Manin once wrote: "A proof becomes a proof only after the social act of ...
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0answers
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Is it even possible to resolve the truth of different philosophic schools of thought? [duplicate]

A logical argument has propositions or axioms which are assumed to be true. It then has logical statements/manipulations which, if all valid, reach a logically valid conclusion. If the argument is ...
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20answers
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Could 'cogito ergo sum' possibly be false?

I've heard it postulated by some people that "we can't truly know anything". While that does seem to apply to the vast majority of things, I can't see how 'cogito ergo sum' can possibly be false. ...
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5answers
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Is Skepticism the most rational standpoint?

Is Philosophical Skepticism - the one that advocates true knowledge is impossible, the most rational standpoint? I am asking this based on the observation that there are very few things whose ...
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7answers
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Do human rights exist?

What is the basis for believing that there is such a thing as human rights? I am all for human rights but it could be argued that the notion of human rights is imaginary and reducible to absurdity (...
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6answers
2k views

Why are homologies evidence for evolution instead of common design?

I have seen some creationists arguing that when evolutionary biologists use homologies (anatomical or genetic) as evidence for evolution, they are committing the fallacy of affirming the consequent. ...
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6answers
508 views

Is there a secular argument for the immortality of the soul?

I was inspired by the following question, which is unfortunately on hold: Has the question of after-life been discussed in philosophy? There has also been some discussion about the general question ...
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3answers
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What is taken as truth in philosophy?

First and foremost I should say that I am not educated in Philosophy; I study Mathematics. Essentially, the job of a mathematician is to prove theorems by logical deduction from axioms, which are ...
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6answers
123 views

bypass for morality, proof of consciousness

Logically morality can stem from thinking that other people are just as living / human as yourself, so you shouldn't do to others what you don't want to be done to you. But this can be bypassed by ...