Questions tagged [abstract]

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What would be the algebraic generalization of the concept of “soundness” in mathematical logic?

Is there a corresponding/generalized concept of “soundness” as we abstract logical structures into algebraic ones? In the manner of algebraic logic: en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algebraic_logic Let us say ...
Julius H.'s user avatar
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What is the lack of anything (including nothing)? [closed]

To clarify my question, I am not asking what is nothing, I am asking a more complex question, what is the lack of anything, which includes the absence of nothing (not anything), while assuming that ...
One Similarity Many Difference's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is every abstraction capital in the abstract?

I'm unsure how Marx uses 'abstraction' and 'concrete', beyond the fact that exchange value is an abstraction from concrete use value. Is every abstraction from the capitalist mode of production - i.e. ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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What is the definition of "abstract"?

It is said that one of the distinguishing features of humans from other animals, is the capacity for abstract thought. But what is the definition of "abstract"? I know it when I see it, but ...
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Can timeless entities have properties that vary with time?

Can abstract and timeless entities, like natural numbers and sets, have properties that vary with time? I am inclined to think they do. For example, the largest known prime number keeps changing with ...
user107952's user avatar
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A position that claims meanings can't be abstract (but abstract objects still might exist)?

Is my titular question trivial, vacuous, encompasses every philosopher ever, none ever, or only encompasses a non-empty subset? I think there are different positions on it. If meanings aren't abstract,...
J Kusin's user avatar
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1 answer
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How do modern platonists explain the objective, specific connections between the physical and abstract?

There seems to be an entirely objective, human-independent way in which specific physical objects relate/correspond to specific abstract objects. Example, we don't think the abstract inverse cube law ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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If Zalta objects exist, would there be a contingently abstract obligation?

One of the posits of Zaltaesque object theory (let's call it that, since there is something vaguely Kafkaesque about logicist realism) is that for every set of assertible encoding relations there is ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
184 views

Is space fundamental?

Let's start with a definition of space, like "Space is a three-dimensional continuum containing positions and directions" If we delve deeper into such definitions, we come across terms ...
Siddharth Chakravarty's user avatar
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Philosophers on the process of abstraction?

I see that there is an emphasis on studying the abstract using philosophy, but not much about abstraction. For example, I am interested in the discussion of the following two questions: How would one ...
tryst with freedom's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
148 views

Can abstract concepts be represented by types in mathematics?

I am reading about type theory along with abstraction and am wondering how they relate. Am i right in thinking that an abstract concept (from the result of abstraction) can be represented by a type in ...
Richard Bamford's user avatar
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Reference request : Defining concepts

Shafi Goldwasser's interview In the video attached, Goldwasser talks about course(s) on abstract subject matter like definition of concepts, definienda, etc. I am looking for a link to course/book ...
Ajax's user avatar
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Do distinctions and concepts exist?

Before answering the question, keep in mind that I am a second-year Biology student, with a lack of formal study in Philosophy. Original post: I believe, all definitions, words, and concepts (...
Growing6884's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
228 views

Why are abstract realms/the abstract realm thought of as being so orderly/restricted?

If the abstract realm(s) are either completely independent of the physical or are ultimate causes, neither of these seem to push the abstract realm toward being so "contained" (say, having ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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7 votes
8 answers
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Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

It seems like topology is used to model spacetime, but outside of cosmology, it seems like topology has absolutely no use in philosophy. Is topology used to create models that relate to abstract and ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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5 answers
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Is there an infinite amount of things that are not present?

Sitting here at my desk, there is not a bottle of meth. There is not an elephant. There is not a car. There is not a unicorn. There is not a salad. There is not a cat. There is not a dog. There is not ...
I divi's user avatar
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2 answers
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How to understanding abstract things easily?

I didn't say I don't understand any abstract things. I know few but I'm hardly to understand until there's instance of that abstract thing. For simple example, a "line segment" in geometry ...
Muhammad Ikhwan Perwira's user avatar
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What do contemporary philosophers mean when they say abstract objects exist (or realism of abstract objects)?

So for Plato, forms exist in some other "divine" realm similar to the way concrete objects exist in our ordinary world. So the existence of forms is comparable to the existence of concrete ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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If there are abstract cases of space and time, then why wouldn't all the other abstract objects be located inside of them?

As per the SEP article on abstract objects: Some of the archetypes of abstractness are non-spatiotemporal in a straightforward sense. It makes no sense to ask where the cosine function was last ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
68 views

Is it possible to ask a completely generalized question?

Alternatively, are "absolutely" or "perfectly" generalized questions askable? Note that vs. the use-mention distinction, we can refer to questions that can be mentioned but never ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
134 views

Can concrete objects have multiple occurrences?

I was reading SEP article on types and tokens, and got interested in the concept of 'occurrence'. We would describe the fact that the number '2' appears multiple times in an expression as an example ...
Confused's user avatar
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Is the term "freedom" sometimes used by those who govern a nation into a poor state of affairs for the people?

Cuba is a socialist regime with no "freedom" accordingly to many people. In Cuba there is a very low crime rate, most of the country is safe. El Salvador is a capitalist country with very ...
Carlitos_30's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
141 views

Is abstraction always mind-dependent?

Else said, are there any physical mind-independent objects which are abstractions of other ones? I’m using mind-independent and mind-dependent like Searle. Things like syntax, language, and ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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How understand abstraction when some cases can’t be abstracted?

Like the liar sentence “this sentence is false” is said not to be a proposition. So not all sentences can be abstracted into props. Can infinite sentences be abstracted into propositions. Can infinite ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
319 views

Why do we call logical concepts abstract when logic is specific to the situation?

Things like propositions and predicates, which are specific to certain logics. Example: If only classical logic applied, not everything would be possible. (LEM, etc). Many logicians say classical ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Why is it said Second Order Logic commits oneself to abstract objects but not FOL?

I would like to understand why SOL and FOL differ on being committed to abstract objects. It seems one difference is the existence of classes for SOL. Can classes not be made concrete? It seems like ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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Could the boundary between concrete and abstract objects be vague?

Though the SEP article on abstract objects has long weighed on my mind, I never formed much of an opinion about the question until now. The opinion I did have was negative: the ~space/~time definition ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
152 views

Can we really see or hear action or event?

Concrete nouns refer to material objects which we can see or touch. Abstract nouns refer to things which are not material objects, such as ideas, feelings and situations. https://dictionary.cambridge....
user09827's user avatar
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2 answers
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Why can one abstract (prescind) space from color but not color from space? (from C. S. Peirce's article "On a New List of Categories")

In Peirce's paper New List why is possible to prescind (i.e. abstract) space from color but not color from space? Peirce mentions three types of abstraction, the relevant one being called Prescission (...
arisbe's user avatar
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3 answers
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Name for a form of naturalism that allows for abstract objects

Some of the more pressing arguments against materialism involve their inability to account for abstract objects such as meaning or reference. A few definitions before I continue: Abstract object: an ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
154 views

Why is action abstract?

I can see someone dancing, I can see someone’s motion, I can smell something burns, I can feel air moves. However, why is action abstract?
user0229's user avatar
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1 answer
123 views

Can Mathematics be a tool to analyse immaterial existences

Doubt: Can we say that Mathematical thoughts (arguments) can be independent of physical (Time-space continuum or material) world since it is an abstract science. In other words can Mathematics be a ...
RIYASUDHEEN T. K's user avatar
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3 answers
450 views

Isn’t ‘color’ itself an abstract noun?

An abstract quality such as the color “green” will never change! ... we would normally say that the object's appearance has changed rather than the object itself. I also think that color is ...
user002020's user avatar
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0 answers
35 views

Can we indicate abstract quality or attribute with a finger?

Can we indicate abstract quality or attribute with a finger? or can we only indicate concrete things with a finger? I’m serious.
alice's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
287 views

Is there a view that only abstract objects exist, and being an abstract structure is enough for a world to be experienced by its observers?

I am looking for a view that would completely eliminate concrete objects by saying that being an abstract structure is enough for a world to be experienced by it's observers. If it is enough for a ...
nikishev.'s user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
303 views

Goals and benefits of the process abstraction for minds

What is the philosophical importance of abstraction in regard to philosophy of mind? People seem to use abstraction all of the time, however, can someone please bring a concrete example that ...
don's user avatar
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If there are no abstract entities, then what are they phenomenologically?

If there are no abstract entities, then what are they phenomenologically? it is universally acknowledged that numbers and the other objects of pure mathematics are abstract (if they exist), whereas ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
182 views

Why do we have an expectation of symmetry?

After all there are some indications that we shouldn't: Who first studied "logical (ir)reversibility"? And even the fundamental nature of symmetry is in question: Is symmetry real? ...
christo183's user avatar
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Mathematical Universe

I have a beginner question on the type of claims this book or similar theories make. That book claims that universe is math structure. I just want to clarify if I correctly understood his goal: Does ...
gdan's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Is there an Abstract/Concrete Gray Area?

In natural language and daily life, it has become prevalent there is a class of entities which do not follow the abstract concrete distinction. Many people refer to abstractions that exist in time. (...
zp1515's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
473 views

Is symmetry real?

Ask almost anyone, and they'll hold up their hands, put them together and say "there you go!" Except, your hands aren't really symmetrical. In fact every "symmetry" I can think of suffers from this '...
christo183's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is concept abstract or concrete noun

Concepts are mental and abstract objects or fundamental building blocks of thoughts. Abstract nouns are nouns that name abstract concepts, or concepts that cannot be experienced with the senses. In ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
66 views

Are object categories abstract?

I am not a philosopher by any means, so maybe I am using some words incorrectly — i.e. I am not sure what the difference is between "conceptual" and "abstract". Please correct me if I am wrong. I've ...
Dmytro Shevchenko's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
163 views

Is "destroyer of hope" same as "bringer of hopelessness"?

Assuming that "hopelessness" is absence of hope, if hope was there in the first place then hope can be "taken away" or "destroyed" which could be done a "bringer of hopelessness". Is "taking hope" ...
kshitij8's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
731 views

Are abstract ideas concepts (sets) or invididuals in an ontology?

In an ontology, concrete concepts such as "Dog" or "Person" stand for sets (classes) of invididual instances. Abstract concepts, such as "love", "hate" or "wisdom" don't have any instances, but if ...
Konrad Höffner's user avatar
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0 answers
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The name for this type of logical idea

I don't know if this "idea" would be what's considered to be a mutually inclusive concept, but I don't really know what else to call it. Basically, what I'm talking about is this: say there were an ...
Morella Almånd's user avatar