Questions tagged [analogy]

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What undergraduate-level books focus on analogical arguments?

I want books that dive deeper into nothing but analogies. I went to the library and riffled the books in the Bibliography of SEP's Analogy and Analogical Reasoning, but none were introductions at an ...
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Is visualization : space :: simulation : time?

I'm trying to find the right word to complete this analogy. visualization : space :: w : time? The closest I could get is "simulation," but is this a good answer?
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1answer
125 views

Are analogies logical arguments?

I have heard several analogies that attempt to give people a better understanding of the Christian trinity. Some compare it to H2O and how water can be solid, liquid, or gas. However, this is a form ...
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Weaknesses? 'teaching evolution to a class with believers in biblical inerrancy' vs. 'flunking a student as he's a fundamentalist Christian'

Source: Richard A. Posner, How Judges Think (2008), p. 227 Bottom Footnote 35.   35. Brief for Amicus Curiae the American Association of University Professors, 2005 U.S. S. Ct. briefs LEXIS 641, ...
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1answer
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Strengths? 'Assisting recruitment by an employer that refuses to hire openly gay students is akin to failing a student merely for being gay.'

Source: Richard A. Posner, How Judges Think (2008), p. 227 Bottom Footnote 35.   35. Brief for Amicus Curiae the American Association of University Professors, 2005 U.S. S. Ct. briefs LEXIS 641, ...
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2answers
204 views

Is this Argument from analogy valid?

I was having a discussion with a friend the other day, and his way of arguing struck me as rather weird. He would constantly say things like: Well that's just like this other thing (which I already ...
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1answer
456 views

Is this an inductive or a deductive argument?

Two flowers of the same cultivar were planted in adjacent plots . The first was fertilized with Miracle-Gro and it flourished (2); The second was not and it din't(3) . Therefore , Miracle-Gro ...
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3answers
146 views

I search an example of an ad hominem argument, which is not simultaneously an argument from analogy

Incidentally I found an old copy from a book, with this claim: “Hence most ad hominem criticisms are really forms of the argument from analogy” (Douglas Walton, Ad Hominem Arguments, Tuscaloosa, The ...
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1answer
523 views

Are analogies between ethics and mathematics philosophically coherent?

Analogies between ethics and mathematics are pretty common – probably because of their shared a priori nature. Philosophical laymen use them, like “Scott Alexander” (no, you don't need to know him), ...
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“Jim and the Indians” and killing someone to harvest organs, is it equivalent?

Imagine these two thoughts experiments The first one, slightly modified from "Jim and the Indians" by Bernard Williams: You come upon twenty people taken hostage by an armed group. The groups's ...
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2answers
533 views

Is this proposition analytic or synthetic?

Consider the following statement: Cats have four legs This is an analytic statement, since its truth can be established by looking at the subject and predicate; one does not need to look further ...
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A post in the desert - a metaphor used in a false-analogy argument in support of conservative institutions. Details please

A metaphor is sometimes used by those who philosophise in favour of conservative institutions such as monarchy or English public schools. It is a picture of something like a post standing in the ...
4
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1answer
166 views

why analogies work?

I am a philosophy noob. I have been reading about analogies and how they form the core of cognition. Consider this analogy: Putting a resistor reduces the flow of electrons in a wire. Putting a ...
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1answer
88 views

Are analogical middle terms sufficient for a valid demonstration?

William A. Wallace, O.P., in “Thomism and the Quantum Enigma,” The Thomist 61 (1997): 455–468, claims that analogical middle terms are sufficient for a valid demonstration and that this is a ...
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188 views

Does the analogy “dog is to proximal environment as human is to Reality” portend anything for a maximum theoretical level of intelligence?

As today has been a day for analogies: dog : proximal environment :: human : Reality A dog's ontology is presumably quite limited. A human's ontology is apparently maximal. While our average ...