Questions tagged [analogy]

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1answer
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Are analogies between ethics and mathematics philosophically coherent?

Analogies between ethics and mathematics are pretty common – probably because of their shared a priori nature. Philosophical laymen use them, like “Scott Alexander” (no, you don't need to know him), ...
-1
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2answers
1k views

“Jim and the Indians” and killing someone to harvest organs, is it equivalent?

Imagine these two thoughts experiments The first one, slightly modified from "Jim and the Indians" by Bernard Williams: You come upon twenty people taken hostage by an armed group. The groups's ...
2
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1answer
110 views

Are analogical middle terms sufficient for a valid demonstration?

William A. Wallace, O.P., in “Thomism and the Quantum Enigma,” The Thomist 61 (1997): 455–468, claims that analogical middle terms are sufficient for a valid demonstration and that this is a ...
0
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3answers
146 views

I search an example of an ad hominem argument, which is not simultaneously an argument from analogy

Incidentally I found an old copy from a book, with this claim: “Hence most ad hominem criticisms are really forms of the argument from analogy” (Douglas Walton, Ad Hominem Arguments, Tuscaloosa, The ...