Questions tagged [analytic-philosophy]

Analytic philosophy is one of two major branches of philosophy defined by its emphasis on formal logic, philosophy of language and scientism. Prevalent in the Anglo-American world from the early 20th century to the present day, analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical discourse in academia and many mathematicians and computer scientists find themselves intrigued by it, due to the close relationship it often has with their areas of study.

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What are the “Simples” Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
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Would Analytic Philosophy benefit from a name change?

The moniker 'Analytic' for the currently predominant academic regimen in philosophy does not seem to convey much about its point and aim. Has there ever been or is there any type of movement or call ...
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What is the 'axiomatic' or epistemological foundation of Analytic philosophy, what is its practice and purpose?

In researching the origin and purpose of the Analytical Tradition in philosophy, all that appeared was that it traces its origin to the 'Tractatus' offshoots following Wittgenstein and Russell, and ...
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Reaction of conceptual analysts to the “intuitions problem”

I have read that one common attack against traditional analysis is about the fact that people do not always share their intuitions about the application of a given concept. For example, two ...
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126 views

Why do many philosophers attach so much importance to laymen intuition?

For instance, when discussing "what is Justice", one of Rawls's key argument for "justice has to be a universal concept" is that we do not talk about anything that is "just ...
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Where does Moore admits that none really knows the truth about those propositions that supposedly we all know?

Alfred Jules Ayer, in a conference where he exposes the achievements of Moore, starts it by saying: "It is true that Moore diminishes the force of his position by adding that no one knows the ...
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Mathematical Analyticity Within Context of Physical Theory [closed]

Postulate: Mathematics is constructed. We construct the syntax, grammar and assign semantics to mathematical statements artificially. Lemma: There is no constraint on what constructed mathematical ...
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What propositions are not possibly not true? [closed]

Example: There are no round squares. An “analytic” sentence, such as “Ophthalmologists are doctors,” has historically been characterized as one whose truth depends upon the meanings of its constituent ...
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Why is postmodernism apparently so ill-perceived in philosophy of science?

In the introduction to Massimo Pigliucci's book Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem, a collection of essays about the topic, I found the following bit: (...) we ...
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Does this reformulation of the the analytic / synthetic distinction overcome Quine's objections?

He seemed to be asserting that synonymity cannot possibly be defined in a non-circular way. We attempt to show this is false on the basis of defining the Quine/Carnap example in a non-circular way. ...
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Does Russell prove the existence of synthetic a priori knowledge?

In the Problems of Philosophy (PoP) Bertrand Russell proves that there is certain a priori knowledge such as logical principles and mathematical principles. However, does he think these types of ...
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139 views

How has Analytic Philosophy Survivied Quine's Criticism?

Analytic philosophy and techniques, in which philosophy is approached as a primarily linguistic and logic exercise, has been the dominant mode of philosophy in the Anglo-American world for most of the ...
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How does Sellars's “myth of given” relate to Quine's “observation sentences”?

Sellars refuted the claim we can reason from our "fundamental" experience, since all the words we use to report our experience must be affected by our conceptual schema. But Quine's seems to give "...
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Did Sellars's argument against the Myth of the Given defeat Husserl's phenomenology?

Sellars's argument against "the myth of the given" is a powerful argument defeating fundamentalism in epistemology. Edmund Husserl considered "the given" to be "unconditionally/absolutely(?) given", ...
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89 views

Wittgenstein on Mechanics

Can someone explain what Wittgenstein was trying to say in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus ? Specifically propositions 6.341-6.343. What does he mean when he says that a system like Newtonian Mechanics ...
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Analyticity and a priority

(1) Every bachelor is unmarried. I know this is one of the most famous examples (intensionally) denoting analytic and a priori propositions. No problems yet. (2) Every apple is a fruit. This one ...
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Is Herbrand semantics a kind of term formalism?

Michael Genesereth and Eric Kao describe Herbrand semantics as follows: Herbrand semantics is an alternative semantics for First Order Logic based on truth assignments for ground sentences rather ...
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Looking for open source 20th century philosophy texts?

I'm looking for digital copies (hopefully text files, not scanned or image files) of major philosophical texts, that I can use in an AI research experiment without infringing any copy rights. Ideally ...
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Is metaphysics justified in its conclusions?

I'm curious of the modern meta-philosophical viewpoints on metaphysical knowledge. That is, is it possible for arm-chair theorizing or rational pure thought alone to gain true knowledge about any ...
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What tools exist to provide constitutive phenomenological analysis of religious experiences?

Considering descriptions of religious experiences, there is a call for abstracts for discussion in October 2019 and I’m looking for what tools may exist to analyze these experiences in a logical and ...
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139 views

How does contemporary analytic philosophy reply to the late Wittgenstein's injunction against theory?

In the In Our Time episode on Wittgenstein philosopher Ray Monk says the following: It's a central view of the later Wittgenstein that there can be no such thing as a philosophical theory. I think ...
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284 views

Is Mathematics the Ultimate Culmination of Analytic Philosophy?

As a novice amateur, the similarities between mathematics and analytic philosophy seem striking to me. At least in a caricature view of analytic philosophy, it is the project of establishing the ...
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Are there analytic philosophers of difference?

I've gathered from the IEP article on Differential Ontology that Gilles Deleuze wrote about difference in the sense that I'm interested in but not in a way that I'm interested in. I would like to see ...
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Philosophy of Law, Ethics and Visualization

Slides https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1wO4BUZGp09UGPVoSyrHZKt3KDyJFUwg12KXZiyRW76s/edit?usp=sharing Can anyone provide authors or references to material on Ethics, Philosophy of Law or Logic ...
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What does Bertrand Russell mean by “analytic” in this context?

But, to my mind, a "necessary proposition" has got to be analytic. I don't see what else it can mean. And analytic propositions are always complex and logically somewhat late. "Irrational animals are ...
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Where to start on analytic philosophy?

Bertrand Russell's debate with Fredrick Copleston and they mentioned Leibniz's division of propositions. I looked into it, and it seems, based on limited research, that no one seems to take pre-1960s ...
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What is the distinction Donnellan uses between referential use and attributive use in regards to Strawson and Russell?

Donnellan called attention to what he called the referential use, as opposed to the attributive use, of a definite description. Donnellan’s objection to the Theory of Descriptions is just that the ...
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Do all arguments against mind-body identity theory assume that every pain is the same?

I don’t get (any of) the arguments against mind-brain identity theories. It’s usually argued that multiple realisability kills MBIT (see also this post). In a talk I attended it was stated as ...
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How exactly Wittgenstein “inspired two schools of thought [logical positivism/logical empiricism and analytic/linguistic movement/Cambridge School]”?

In the page 527 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: It has been said that Wittgenstein inspired two ...
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What could be “Wittgenstein's strong disapproval of Russell's introduction to the book [Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus]”?

In the page 536 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: The author of the Tractatus thought he had solved all ...
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Agential Realism and diffractive reading to analysis a specific topic

together I am currently facing a very big challenge, based on my studies. I am currently attending a seminar of New Materialism, which above all thematizes agential realism. An essential element here ...
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In what way did the "Logical Positivist' movement influence contemporary Analytical Academic Philosophy? [closed]

Rudolf Carnap and the Vienna Circle made a concerted effort to 'move' Philosophy away from its traditional focus on 'speculative' metaphysics by establishing a regimen of scientific rigor within the ...
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Are there any attempts to define “doubt”?

Traditionally, Knowledge is defined as a True Justified Belief (Let us ignore epistemic caveats and objections to this definition). According to Wittgenstein, there is no place for knowledge where ...
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What analytic philosophers were concerned with meaninglessness?

What analytic philosophers were concerned primarily with meaninglessness, and where can I read what they said about it? I just find the idea interesting, but I want to circumvent existentialism for a ...
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Can we introduce a comparative study between mathematics & philosophy here? [closed]

Can the form of human mind be hypothetically equated with that of a mathematical point?
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Propositional content and reference

My main question is this: Let p be a sentence. Can I have the proposition expressed by p be the same even if the referent of p is different? So as an example I'm thinking of stuff like: p = 'My ...
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Does genius always leave us asking “how”?

Does genius always leave us asking "how"? Not e.g. "why" like an eccentric creativity might. So we don't ask of Marx "why" were you interested in Feurabach or a critical analysis of the economy, or ...
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Strawson criticism of Austin theory of truth

I'm quoting a snippet of Strawson paper on truth. [Austin] says that, when we declare a statement to be true, the relation between the statement and the world which our declaration "asserts to ...
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407 views

Are propositions in mathematics synthetic or analytic?

I'm reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and I understand that he thought that "Mathematical Judgements are all synthetic". I would like to know where does this debate lies or if it is of interest ...
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Is the confusion about philosophy's place in the academia a result of the analytic movement?

First, let's state that obviously there will be those who'll say "what confusion" (by confusion I mean for example questions like "what philosophy has to do with science"), and for them I'll start ...
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What is wrong in the first premise of open question argument?

Let us use the original argument: Premise 1: If X is good, then the question "Is it true that X is good?" is meaningless. Premise 2: The question "Is it true that X is good?" is not meaningless. ...
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Can one get a masters in philosophy without majoring in philosophy?

Let me clarify my question a little bit. I am a high school senior deciding between Cambridge and UChicago. I know that I want to study philosophy in grad school. I am mostly interested in continental ...
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How can studying mathematics give a better understanding of philosophy?

Does studying mathematics at the high-school or undergraduate level help give an better understanding of philosophy (not counting philosophy of science, which has an obvious relationship)? If so how? ...
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A priori and a posteriori within an axiomatic framework?

I am not a philosopher, so please excuse my limited understanding of these basic philosophy concepts. I am having some difficulty understanding what truly constitutes an a priori statement/truth (I'm ...
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Is there any supporter of Michael Polanyi's criticism of scientific objectivism?

I just found out about Michael Polanyi and his ideas fascinate me. One of those, is his criticism of objectivism in science, which he historically links to Galileo. Historically, he mainly goes ...
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What is postanalytic philosophy?

I came across a reference to the postanalytic philosophy today, and I'm wondering what exactly that is. Is it related (if not it itself) to postmodern philosophy? What are the main ideas behind it? ...
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Does computer science have an impact on Philosophy?

Recently I found some books in the domain "Philosophy of Computer Science." However, the majority of these books described how the logic and analytical philosophy can develop and understand computer ...
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Hume: “We learn to be who we are”

I was reading Alison Gopnik's essay in The Atlantic, "How an 18th-Century Philosopher Helped Solve My Midlife Crisis", and I came across the following [...] the coherent self is an illusion. My ...
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Quantificational vs Referential vs Predicational descriptions

Reading Peter Ludlow's article on descriptions, it's clear to me that descriptions can be interpreted, found or considered in 3 different ways. They can be seen as quantificational, referential or ...
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Literature for Analytic philosophy

Which books exist that cover the history of analytic philosophy? Which papers are integral to the field and as such are a must-read?