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Questions tagged [analytic-philosophy]

Analytic philosophy is one of two major branches of philosophy defined by its emphasis on formal logic, philosophy of language and scientism. Prevalent in the Anglo-American world from the early 20th century to the present day, analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical discourse in academia and many mathematicians and computer scientists find themselves intrigued by it, due to the close relationship it often has with their areas of study.

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Question about the 'methodology' of metaethics (in relation to the open-question argument)

I have started reading Alexander Miller's "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics". The second chapter deals with Moore's the Open-Question argument against naturalism and various reformulations ...
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What analytic philosophers were concerned with meaninglessness?

What analytic philosophers were concerned primarily with meaninglessness, and where can I read what they said about it? I just find the idea interesting, but I want to circumvent existentialism for a ...
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Can we introduce a comparative study between mathematics & philosophy here? [closed]

'Mind' or 'point'- neither has 'length', 'breadth' or 'height'; it is only 'existence' which defines both of their occurrences. So, can the figure of mind be equated with that of a mathematical point?
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Propositional content and reference

My main question is this: Let p be a sentence. Can I have the proposition expressed by p be the same even if the referent of p is different? So as an example I'm thinking of stuff like: p = 'My ...
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Does genius always leave us asking “how”?

Does genius always leave us asking "how"? Not e.g. "why" like an eccentric creativity might. So we don't ask of Marx "why" were you interested in Feurabach or a critical analysis of the economy, or ...
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Strawson criticism of Austin theory of truth

I'm quoting a snippet of Strawson paper on truth. [Austin] says that, when we declare a statement to be true, the relation between the statement and the world which our declaration "asserts to ...
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Are propositions in mathematics synthetic or analytic?

I'm reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and I understand that he thought that "Mathematical Judgements are all synthetic". I would like to know where does this debate lies or if it is of interest ...
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Is the confusion about philosophy's place in the academia a result of the analytic movement?

First, let's state that obviously there will be those who'll say "what confusion" (by confusion I mean for example questions like "what philosophy has to do with science"), and for them I'll start ...
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What is wrong in the first premise of open question argument?

Let us use the original argument: Premise 1: If X is good, then the question "Is it true that X is good?" is meaningless. Premise 2: The question "Is it true that X is good?" is not meaningless. ...
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Can one get a masters in philosophy without majoring in philosophy?

Let me clarify my question a little bit. I am a high school senior deciding between Cambridge and UChicago. I know that I want to study philosophy in grad school. I am mostly interested in continental ...
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How can studying mathematics give a better understanding of philosophy?

Does studying mathematics at the high-school or undergraduate level help give an better understanding of philosophy (not counting philosophy of science, which has an obvious relationship)? If so how? ...
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A priori and a posteriori within an axiomatic framework?

I am not a philosopher, so please excuse my limited understanding of these basic philosophy concepts. I am having some difficulty understanding what truly constitutes an a priori statement/truth (I'm ...
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Is there any supporter of Michael Polanyi's criticism of scientific objectivism?

I just found out about Michael Polanyi and his ideas fascinate me. One of those, is his criticism of objectivism in science, which he historically links to Galileo. Historically, he mainly goes ...
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What is postanalytic philosophy?

I came across a reference to the postanalytic philosophy today, and I'm wondering what exactly that is. Is it related (if not it itself) to postmodern philosophy? What are the main ideas behind it? ...
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Does computer science have an impact on Philosophy?

Recently I found some books in the domain "Philosophy of Computer Science." However, the majority of these books described how the logic and analytical philosophy can develop and understand computer ...
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Hume: “We learn to be who we are”

I was reading Alison Gopnik's essay in The Atlantic, "How an 18th-Century Philosopher Helped Solve My Midlife Crisis", and I came across the following [...] the coherent self is an illusion. My ...
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Quantificational vs Referential vs Predicational descriptions

Reading Peter Ludlow's article on descriptions, it's clear to me that descriptions can be interpreted, found or considered in 3 different ways. They can be seen as quantificational, referential or ...
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Literature for Analytic philosophy

Which books exist that cover the history of analytic philosophy? Which papers are integral to the field and as such are a must-read?
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What analytic philosophy books on the meaning of life are there?

Because almost every book on meaning of life is in continental philosophy or religious.
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What good is philosophy that is not clearly reasoned? [closed]

What good is philosophy that is not clearly reasoned? Questions like this have already come up, but I specifically would like to know what the more obscure philosophy can, on account of its lack of ...
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Isomorphism vs homomorphism in the Tractatus' picture theory of language

People often mention that there is an isomorphic nature between language and the world in the Tractatus' conception of language. As far as I can see it, according to Wittgenstein (it's been a few ...
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Self-studying philosophy

I'm a mathematics student interested in philosophy. We don't have philosophy courses at our university. But I want to learn some stuff. I'm inspired by Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein and such ...
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What methods are used in Traditional Philosophy? [closed]

I came across this article discussing the the importance of formal methods, i.e., higher-order logic and mathematics, in solving certain philosophical questions. The author argued, however, that while ...
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Clear and Canonical examples of analytical proofs in philosophy

I am used to the proof methods of mathematics, and I have formally studied formal logic and mathematical logic. I like philosophy but have never followed a rigorous course in analytical philosophy. ...
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What are some current debates in metaphysics today?

What are some current debates in metaphysics today? I would be very interested to hear what the very most recent debates in this field focus on, what's hot, or whether some new views have emerged or a ...
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What is the difference between supervenience and grounding? [duplicate]

What is the difference between supervenience and grounding? Both amount to the claim that there is nothing over and above them in the sense that the grounded adds nothing to being but the grounding ...
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Frankfurt School: analytical or continental?

Does Frankfurt School belong to analytical or to continental philosophical tradition?
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What are the relations between externalism (Kripke, Putnam) and holism (Quine) about meaning?

Three points are not clear to me about the relations between semantic externalism (Kripke, Putnam) and holism (Quine): Is there a way according to which externalism and holism can be held together or ...
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How does Frege's definition of number solve the Julius Caesar problem?

How does Frege's definition of number solve the Julius Caesar problem? Frege's definition of number in the end of Foundation is such: the number belonging to the concept F is the extension of the ...
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In what text and on what basis did G.E. Moore eventually reject the “open question argument”

Let's take the open question argument to basically be that if we tried to provide a reductive definition of (e.g.) goodness in non-non-naturalistic terms (so naturalistic terms), we can always ...
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Can fictional entities have capacities?

Can fictional entities have capacities? I think in Buddhism there is a definite trend to claim that every entity is fictional, but has causes and effects. i wouldn't really assent to the idea that ...
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1answer
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Usefulness of 'Knowledge'

I am typically interested in finding out the interrelationships as regards knowledge per se and its applications. Typically, I see this interesting phenomenon of the difficulty of proving theorems in ...
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1answer
160 views

Is a definition of logic tautological?

If logic applies in all possible worlds, does that mean that that which is logic in our world stays the same in all of them, since we define those worlds as possible through it, meaning that the ...
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Can a non trivial definition of truth be given?

Would it be provable that it can or cannot be given? What literature would you recommend me for looking into various theories of truth? Thanks.
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What is license for belief?

The article on Metaphilosophy in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy features the following declaration in section 2e: "Naturalized epistemology has been criticized for being insufficiently ...
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Objections to Isomorphism Correspondence Theory of Truth

What are some common objections to the isomorphism correspondence theory of truth? I know that Austin argued that it takes for granted that the structure of our language reflects the structure of the ...
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Are there any non-western thinkers regarded as Analytic philosophers?

European and American analytic philosophers argue that the values and aspirations of the analytic tradition, such as clarity and rigor, are meant to be universal. Some even say that analytic ...
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The scope of Analytic discussion about sentences

Kripke and Quine argue both for 2 different ideas (about which I will write shortly) but their objectives are common - to say something about the nature of sentences. Yet, It seems to me like they don'...
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What are the arguments for preferring Continental or Analytic philosophy? [closed]

It seems as though Analytic philosophy is dominating in my country. Could you give me an argument for preferring Continental over Analytic philosophy, and vice versa, their relative strengths and ...
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What could a jew do, when he arrived with a train in Auschwitz? [closed]

Can questions like "What could a jew do, when he arrived with a train in Auschwitz?" really be answered? Do such questions have a place in philosophy? What about analytic philosophy? Works of ...
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Is happiness the coherence of belief and feeling?

I was thinking about addiction; I've enjoyed smoking for far too long. Seems to me that the "pleasure" of smoking actually has two aspects: the feeling; and the belief that you're doing the right ...
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What does later Wittgenstein and earlier Wittgenstein have in common?

Wittgenstein, while previously advocating a picture theory of semantics, later came to revoke his support of this position. But did Wittgenstein still hold on to certain ideas of his old school? ...
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Understanding Sellars' The Myth of the Given rigorously

I understand the general view presented by Sellars in "Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind". Yet, I can't get rigorously convinced. The main point is shown in part XIII, specifically in section 35. ...
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Has philosophy from the end of the 19th century largely been forgotten?

I am wondering if this is something that other people think. It seems to me that during a period of time from the late 19th century to the early 20th, there are a large number of philosophers who ...
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What's the current status of the “paradox of analysis”? And are there any strong and widely accepted resolutions?

It would seem that figuring out a solution to the paradox of analysis would be of prime importance to philosophers, especially considering the fact that conceptual analysis seems central to ...
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To what extent do variations of Hume's Fork permeate modern philosophy, and specifically the analytical community?

Hume's Fork, which divides knowledge into 'relations of ideas' and 'matters of fact' has had an incredible influence on philosophy ever since its conception (though it is sometimes claimed that others ...
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Is Logic Pre-Human?

It was German philosopher Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) who famously said, "animals are poor in world." Although this may be true, I do not see them as being poor in logic. Paleontologists have ...
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Which is the difference between Sache and Sachverhalt in the Tractatus?

As far as I know, When Russell asked to Wittgenstein to tell him the difference between Sache and Sachverhalt, Wittgenstein answered that "Sachverhalt" is what corresponds to an elementar sätze (an ...
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Why “philosophy never ends” for the tractarian Wittgenstein?

In the Prototractatus Wittgenstein wrote an additional section (called 6.55) which is seen as a possible third solution to the matter of building a perfect system of logic. This conclusion was ...
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What does bedeutung refer to in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus?

Given that the literal translation of the german word bedeutung is "sense", what does it refer to in the semantics of the tractarian Wittgenstein, among these options? the meaning of the subatomic ...