Questions tagged [analytic-philosophy]

Analytic philosophy is one of two major branches of philosophy defined by its emphasis on formal logic, philosophy of language and scientism. Prevalent in the Anglo-American world from the early 20th century to the present day, analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical discourse in academia and many mathematicians and computer scientists find themselves intrigued by it, due to the close relationship it often has with their areas of study.

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Has Derek Parfit been working on time since 2011?

The New Yorker published a portrait of Derek Parfit in 2011, which included this outlook: The first paper Parfit wrote after he began to study philosophy was on the metaphysics of time. Now this ...
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Is Logic Pre-Human?

It was German philosopher Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) who famously said, "animals are poor in world." Although this may be true, I do not see them as being poor in logic. Paleontologists have ...
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Looking for references for some remark of Quine's

I'm looking for a comment I think I remember Quine having made. He's talking about our understanding of proofs. I think he says something along the following lines... If you understand many different ...
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Would Analytic Philosophy benefit from a name change?

The moniker 'Analytic' for the currently predominant academic regimen in philosophy does not seem to convey much about its point and aim. Has there ever been or is there any type of movement or call ...
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How does contemporary analytic philosophy reply to the late Wittgenstein's injunction against theory?

In the In Our Time episode on Wittgenstein philosopher Ray Monk says the following: It's a central view of the later Wittgenstein that there can be no such thing as a philosophical theory. I think ...
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Are there analytic philosophers of difference?

I've gathered from the IEP article on Differential Ontology that Gilles Deleuze wrote about difference in the sense that I'm interested in but not in a way that I'm interested in. I would like to see ...
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What could be "Wittgenstein's strong disapproval of Russell's introduction to the book [Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus]"?

In the page 536 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: The author of the Tractatus thought he had solved all ...
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To what extent do variations of Hume's Fork permeate modern philosophy, and specifically the analytical community?

Hume's Fork, which divides knowledge into 'relations of ideas' and 'matters of fact' has had an incredible influence on philosophy ever since its conception (though it is sometimes claimed that others ...
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Thorough analysis of Kant's "conditions of possibility"

Is anyone aware of a thorough (mathematical) treatment/analysis of the concept of Kant's "Bedingungen der Möglichkeit" of something (conditions of possibility)? I thought about it in the following ...
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Are there contemporary analytic defenders of the view that pattern/meaning is metaphysically fundamental and directly knowable?

Background: Much of philosophy since Kant has taken for granted that our basic experience of reality is structured by our cognitive apparatus, including notably our background conceptual frameworks. ...
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Term for the dichotomy of blaming a philosophical counter-example on oneself vs. our commonsense

Imagine some philosopher answers a question of the form "What is X?". Then a critic points out that, according to this answer, O is not X, but we clearly consider it to be X. It seems that ...
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Do all arguments against mind-body identity theory assume that every pain is the same?

I don’t get (any of) the arguments against mind-brain identity theories. It’s usually argued that multiple realisability kills MBIT (see also this post). In a talk I attended it was stated as ...
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Strawson criticism of Austin theory of truth

I'm quoting a snippet of Strawson paper on truth. [Austin] says that, when we declare a statement to be true, the relation between the statement and the world which our declaration "asserts to ...
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A priori and a posteriori within an axiomatic framework?

I am not a philosopher, so please excuse my limited understanding of these basic philosophy concepts. I am having some difficulty understanding what truly constitutes an a priori statement/truth (I'm ...
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Quantificational vs Referential vs Predicational descriptions

Reading Peter Ludlow's article on descriptions, it's clear to me that descriptions can be interpreted, found or considered in 3 different ways. They can be seen as quantificational, referential or ...
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What analytic philosophy books on the meaning of life are there?

Because almost every book on meaning of life is in continental philosophy or religious.
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The scope of Analytic discussion about sentences

Kripke and Quine argue both for 2 different ideas (about which I will write shortly) but their objectives are common - to say something about the nature of sentences. Yet, It seems to me like they don'...
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Concrete Examples of Complex Term Analysis Using Predicate Logic

In all of my textbooks, there are no concrete case studies of how one can use predicate logic to analyze specific characteristics of complex terms. I am therefore looking for an exemplar for the ...
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Does analytical political philosophy discuss both capitalism and communism as an inheritence of Christianity?

John Gray, discusses in his book, Black Mass, the similarities between both Capitalism and Communism in terms of Christianity in a Post-Christian Europe - he calls them both Political Religion: He ...
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Does genius always leave us asking "how"?

Does genius always leave us asking "how"? Not e.g. "why" like an eccentric creativity might. So we don't ask of Marx "why" were you interested in Feurabach or a critical analysis of the economy, or ...
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Has Jordan Peterson much to say about analytic philosophy or related schools of philosophy?

Just as a curiosity, has Jordan Peterson much to say about analytic philosophy or about any philosopher whom, let's say, a philosophy professor at Oxford is likely to take seriously? (I went to Oxford....
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Wouldn’t analysis still be useful with a naturalized notion of contradiction?

I wonder why analysis receives so much attention when it’s very narrow with how we experience the world. That is its focus on logical and mathematical proofs. One reason for this focus must be its ...
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Relationship between early Wittgenstein and late Wittgenstein

I think most books treat his early and late theories as inconsistent theories, in a sense that one can agree on either his early or late theory, but not both. However, I think the two theories are ...
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What do you call an illogical statement that seems logical because of grammar?

What do you call an illogical statement that seems logical because of grammar? Do you have any example of a philosopher who wrote a grammatical sentence in the hope of constructing an logical argument,...
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What are the "Simples" Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
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How exactly Wittgenstein "inspired two schools of thought [logical positivism/logical empiricism and analytic/linguistic movement/Cambridge School]"?

In the page 527 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: It has been said that Wittgenstein inspired two ...
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Agential Realism and diffractive reading to analysis a specific topic

together I am currently facing a very big challenge, based on my studies. I am currently attending a seminar of New Materialism, which above all thematizes agential realism. An essential element here ...
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According to Wittgenstein, why are the laws of logic valid?

According to Wittgenstein's tractatus, A fact is composed of atomic facts. An atomic fact corresponds to an elemental proposition. (Picture theory) A proposition is a series of elemental propositions ...
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Does a causal nexus imply the law of non contradiction or law of excluded middle?

Suggested to clarify: Do the major scientific, mathematical/analytic theories describing causal theories/"a causal nexus", physical theories, and some monist doctrines necessarily imply or ...
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